Seven Lucky Gods

Article

July 5, 2022

The Seven Lucky Gods are worshiped in Japan as the seven gods of good fortune, derived from the Buddhist word "Seven Lucky Gods" in the Humane King Sutra, which was introduced in India. It is the god of the seven pillars. The seven pillars are generally considered to be Ebisu, Daikokuten, Fukurokuju, Bishamonten, Budai, Jurojin, and Benzaiten, each of which has various backgrounds such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Shintoism.

Origin

History

Enryakuji, the Hindu god of India, was enshrined as the god of the kitchen when Saicho started on Mt. Hiei, and it gradually spread to the private sector. It is not well understood how this became worshiped in the private sector as a set with Ebisu, the god of indigenous beliefs in Japan. After the Heian period, Bishamonten, which began with the Bishamonten worship of Kurama in Kyoto, was added to Ebisu and Daikoku, and it was worshiped as the three gods (early Ebisu was thought to be based in Bishamonten). The pattern of this three-god set was common until quite a while later, but in the late Heian period-in the early Kamakura period, when the belief in Benzaiten on Chikubu Island in Omi became popular, there were cases where it was called "Ebisu, Daikoku, Benzaiten" instead of Bishamonten. It increased. During the Muromachi period, Buddhist Budai, Taoist Fukurokuju, Jurojin, etc. came from China and became known to each other. It started in a rural area (Masaaki Ueda, "Ancient Perspective" PHP 1978, pp. 42-43, lines 11-15. In some cases, auspicious heavens and Sarutahiko were included, but they did not take root. 43 page). Around this time, the era of Higashiyama culture represented by Ginkakuji. Influenced by Chinese culture, many continental ink paintings were drawn. The title that was touted was "Seven Sages of the Takebayashi" (Seven Sages of the Takebayashi). In the image of this painting, people gathered the seven deities of good fortune that were worshiped separately and made them the seven deities of good fortune. However, at the beginning, the members were not always fixed. In the Edo period, it was almost fixed to the current face, but variations were sometimes created after that. Since Jurojin and Fukurokuju are both incarnations of the Old Man of the South Pole, they are considered to be the same, and Kisshoten, Otafuku, Fukusuke, Inari God, Shojo, and Kokuzo Bodhisattva are placed in place of Jurojin. I was sometimes asked. In addition, Ugajin, Tatsuma, Hyottoko, Yang Kihime, Hyottoko, Fudo Myo, Aizen Myo, and Shirahige Myojin were once counted as one of the Seven Lucky Gods (Fudo Myo and Aizen Myo, or Otafuku and Hyottoko may be included as a set. rice field). The shrine was built as an object of worship independent from the Nara period, but there is also something like the Benzaiten shrine that became a Shinto shrine when the Shinto and Buddhist deities were separated during the Meiji period. In the old books, all five volumes of the Japanese-Chinese book "Yoshiwara Seven Lucky Gods" were published in 1713 during the Tokugawa Ietsugu Shogun era.

Eight Immortals Origin Theory

The origin of Hachifukujin is India. This Indian god has arrived in China. In China, there is something called Eight Immortals (Hachifukujin), which is similar to the Seven Lucky Gods, and it is said that all of them were real people (hermits), and the paintings depicting their figures are the object of worship in various places. There is a theory that this Eight Immortals was the origin of the paintings, because the mainstream of the paintings is similar to the Seven Lucky Gods on a Japanese treasure ship, in which all the Eight Immortals are on a ship and crossing the sea. Hanshouri (Wealth) Zhang Guolao (Old) Lu Dongbin (male) Li Tieguai (.