Joetsu City

Article

November 28, 2021

Joetsu City is a city located in the southwestern part of Niigata Prefecture (Joetsu region). It has been designated as a special city at the time of enforcement, and has the third largest city area population in Niigata prefecture after Niigata city and Nagaoka city. Regarding the urban employment area population, the Joetsu metropolitan area centered on our city is the third largest in the prefecture. It is known for the cherry blossoms in Takada Castle Ruins Park, which is said to be one of the three major night cherry blossoms in Japan, and the townscape of Ganki-dori, which has a total length of 16 km in Takada Castle Town.

Overview

Establishment of city

Takada, an inland castle town that has built a mutually complementary relationship in the Kubiki Plain for a long time, and Naoetsu, a coastal port town. Exchanged a petition stating "To build a central city of Joetsu by merging Takada City and Naoetsu City in the near future." After that, the two cities merged on an equal footing (new merger) on April 29, 1971 (for details, see Joetsu City before the transfer of the 13 surrounding towns and villages) due to the progress of continuous transportation due to the expansion of the city area. reference). Before the merger, the populations of both cities were about 75,000 in Takada and about 45,000 in Naoetsu. After that, on January 1, 2005, the surrounding 13 towns and villages were incorporated and merged, and the city area area increased about four times. Beyond Sado City (the entire area of ​​Sado Island), it became the second largest city in the prefecture after Murakami City. It was the first city to introduce a regional autonomy district system based on the Act on Special Exceptions to Municipal Mergers (Special Merger Act), and currently has 28 regional autonomous districts based on the Local Autonomy Act (details will be described later in the regional section). ..

Prehistory

During the Ritsuryo era, the national government of Echigo was established, and during the Warring States period, Mr. Nagao (Mr. Uesugi) represented by Keitora Nagao (Mr. Kenshin Uesugi) used Kasugayama Castle as his residence. During the Edo period, Takada Castle, the domain office of the Takada Domain, was located and flourished as a castle town. Details will be described later in the history section.

Location

It is located 129 km to Niigata City in the east, 131 km to Toyama City in the west, and 63 km to Nagano City in the south. It faces the Sea of ​​Japan to the north, and many sea bathers from the inland Nagano prefecture visit in the summer.

Population size

It has the third largest population among municipalities in Niigata prefecture, and had a population of about 210,000 at the time of the merger of the 13 towns and villages mentioned above. However, in recent years, the population has been declining significantly due to the declining birthrate and aging population and social decline, and since the merger, the annual population has been declining by about 1,000, and the estimated population is 200,000 as of April 1, 2013. I'm interrupting. In addition, nine autonomous districts, Yasuzukaku, Urakawara, Oshima, Maki, Yoshikawa, Itakura, Kiyosato, Sanwa, and Nadachiku, have been designated as depopulated areas even before the merger. , It is designated as a depopulated area (so-called "depopulated depopulation") because it meets the conditions for special measures under the Act on Special Measures for Promotion of Depopulated Areas. Joetsu City has formulated and is operating a "depopulated area independence promotion plan" for the purpose of promoting regional independence and balancing the development of the city area for these nine autonomous regions.

City name

Origin

In Niigata prefecture, from ancient times, the local names that divide Echigo country (mainland side of Niigata prefecture) into three, "Joetsu region, Chuetsu region, Kaetsu region" in order from the south side near the upper side (current Kyoto city etc.) have been used. As stated in the 1954 agreement mentioned above, it plays a role as the central city of the Joetsu region, so when the new merger was established in 1971 (Showa 46), "Joetsu City" was designated. It was the city name. "Joetsu" is also used to refer to both Gunma (Ueno country) and Niigata (Echigo country) prefectures, but the regions they refer to are different.

City name change campaign

Joetsu City and 13 surrounding towns and villages

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