People's Republic of China

Article

May 19, 2022

People's Republic of China People's Republic of China National slogan: Serve the People (Simplified Chinese) Serve the People National Anthem: National Anthem of the People's Republic of China (Simplified Chinese) National Anthem of the People's Army Note 1: Population and various GDP figures do not include special administrative regions (Hong Kong, Macau) and areas claimed by the People's Republic of China (Taiwan, Kashmir, etc.). Note 2: The area of ​​the United States is very close to that of the People's Republic of China, although it is ranked third in the area ranking, and the ranking may change depending on the definition of each country. Note 3: The Republic of China (Taiwan) and the People's Republic of China are not originally enslaved to each other. People's Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: People's Republic of China, Traditional Chinese: People's Republic of China, Song: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gòng héguó), commonly known as China (Chugoku, Song: Zhōngguó) is East Asia A socialist republican nation located in. The capital is Beijing.

Overview

Established

The People's Republic of China, which started as the Soviet Republic of China, was formed in China under the rule of the Republic of China in July 1921. It was established when the government was expelled to Taiwan and Mao Zedong, the chief of the Chinese Communist Party, declared the founding of the country at Cheonanmen Square in Beijing on October 1, 1949.

system

The political system has been a de facto one-party dictatorship by the Chinese Communist Party since its founding in October 1949. The Democracy Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit, a research institute under the umbrella of Economist Magazine, ranks 153rd in the world and is classified as a dictatorship (2019). In addition, Reporters Without Borders ranks 177th in the world press freedom index, the fourth from the bottom, and is classified as one of the most serious countries (FY2020). Regarding the human rights situation in China, Human Rights Watch said, "China is still a one-party dictatorship and systematically suppresses basic human rights." "Human rights lawyers and activists have been arbitrarily detained and charged. "We have increased control over non-governmental organizations, activists, the media, and the Internet." It was seen in the issue of Liu Xiaobo's Nobel Peace Prize in 2010, the case in which the government abducted critics in Hong Kong and forcibly disappeared in 2016, and the people's speech monitoring in the new Corona issue in 2020. In recent years, speech control and repression have tended to be further strengthened. The issue of human rights violations against ethnic minorities, such as the Tibetan issue and the Uighur issue, is also serious and is a concern from the international community. In particular, the US government, the Canadian House of Representatives, the Dutch Parliament, the British House of Representatives, the French House of Representatives, and the Lithuanian Republic Parliament have identified genocide policies for Uighur detention camps and the like. Since 2019, it has strengthened its control over Hong Kong under the one country, two systems system. Armed forces and threatening acts on the Spratly Islands and Taiwan are becoming more intense year by year.

Economy

During the era of Taisei and the Republic of China, divisions, riots, and defeats in wars with other countries continued, and indirect rule by other countries continued for many years. Even in the People's Republic of China before 1978, civil war, conflict, and turmoil continued, and the economy and military slumped for a long time, and poverty continued for more than 200 years. Since the introduction of reform and opening up in December 1978, we have established "special economic zones" and "coastal open cities" under the name of "socialist market economy", and have made a fundamental shift from the socialist economic system. That