Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty
November 28, 2021
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty) is one of the intermediate-range nuclear force treaties signed between the United States and the Soviet Union. The aim is to dispose of all intermediate-range ballistic missiles and cruise missiles defined as the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF).
Translated in Japanese as the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, the official name of the treaty is "The Treaty Between the United". States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles) The abbreviated names include the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty and the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.
On February 1, 2019, the United States announced that it had notified the Russian Federation, the successor to the Soviet Union, of the abolition of this treaty, and in response to this, the Russian Federation also declared that the treaty obligations would be suspended. It expired on August 2, six months after the notice of destruction.
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed in Washington, D.C. on December 8, 1987 by then-President Ronald Reagan and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev. The treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on May 27, 1988 and entered into force on June 1 of that year.
The treaty calls for the disposal of nuclear warheads with a range of 500 km (300 miles) to 5,500 km (3,400 miles), as well as ground-launched ballistic missiles and cruise missiles with conventional warheads. By June 1, 1991, the treaty deadline, a total of 2,692 weapons had been destroyed. The breakdown is 846 in the United States and 1,846 in the Soviet Union. Also under this treaty, both nations were allowed to inspect each other's army equipment.
The purpose of this treaty is to ban nuclear forces with relatively short flight distances, so that the western camp and the eastern camp face each other, such as Germany, which was divided at that time, and France, where domestic politics was ruined by the French Communist Party. By deterring the outbreak of war in Europe, it is trying to establish a nuclear deterrence theory by directly confronting the United States and the Soviet Union with only nuclear forces with a relatively long flight distance.
This treaty was taken over by the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union. On February 1, 2019, the United States notified the Russian Federation of the abolition of the treaty, and in response to this, the Russian Federation also declared that the treaty obligations would be suspended. Expired after half a year.
The agreement was stimulated by the Soviet Union's deployment of SS-20 missiles in Eastern Europe in 1975 and the resulting reaction from the United States. The SS-20 updated the existing SS-4 and SS-5 missiles. The SS-20 missile has a longer range, higher accuracy, higher maneuverability, and greater power than previously deployed missiles, and the deployment of this missile will change the security situation in Western Europe. Easy to understand. After the discussion, NATO agreed on two partial strategies. First, we ask the Soviet Union for armament restriction talks to reduce the INF armament of the Soviet Union and the United States, and second, from 1983, up to 464 ground-launched cruise missiles (GLCM) and 108 Pershing II. Deploying ballistic missiles in Europe. Strengthen the armament while seeking armament restrictions.