Fushimi Ward

Article

January 22, 2022

Fushimi Ward is one of the 11 administrative districts that make up Kyoto City, and is located in the southern part of Kyoto City.

Overview

In the olden days, paddy rice cultivation began early in Fukakusa in the Kyoto basin, and Fushimi Inari Taisha, the head office of Inari Shrine, was founded by Mr. Hata, a migrant family. Tachibana no Toshitsuna set up Fushimi Sanso in the Heian period, and later the Fushimi-no-miya family was founded as a ancestral place for the Eiji royal generations. By the time Toyotomi Hideyoshi died in this area during the Azuchi-Momoyama period, Fushimi Castle and a group of daimyo mansions were built in Momoyama as a major political city. The castle town of Fushimi is formed. In the early days of the Tokugawa Shogunate, the first Ginza was placed under Fushimi Castle, and the shogunate from Ieyasu Tokugawa to Iemitsu III was also held at Fushimi Castle, which was the political base of the Shogunate. Fushimi Castle Even after the abandoned castle, Fushimi magistrate was placed and prospered as an important port town (Fushimi port) and post town (Fushimi inn) of Yodogawa water transport, and it was a different city independent of Kyoto until the early Showa era. It is also known as the place where Ryoma Sakamoto and other scholars of the debate played an active part in the late Tokugawa period. It was connected to Kyoto by a highway and the Takase River, and in the Meiji era, the Kamogawa Canal and railroads were opened early, and goods were transported from various places to Kyoto, and industries such as sake brewing were also thriving. Since it was incorporated into Kyoto City in 1931, the surrounding urban areas have become more urbanized, and the color of "the suburbs of Kyoto" has become deeper. In addition to Fukakusa and Fushimi, the ward includes areas such as Yodo, which prospered as a castle town, and Daigo, where Daigoji Temple is built. The western and southern parts are lowlands of the Yodo River system, the central part is Mt. Inari and Momoyama hills that continue from Higashiyama, and the eastern mountainous part extends to the border of Shiga prefecture. The Momoyama Hill, which has the largest population among the 11 wards of Kyoto City and was home to aristocratic villas during the Heian period and samurai residences after the Tensho period, is still used as a residential area, but most of it is still used. The vast green area of ​​Momoyama Goryo spreads out and is the source of abundant underground water used for sake brewing. While it is a commercial base that inherits the tradition of a castle town, it has the character of a bed town in the center of Kyoto and the direction of Osaka. The place name of Momoyama, where Fushimi Castle was located, is the origin of the names such as "Azuchi-Momoyama period" during the Oda-Toyotomi administration and its culture "Momoyama culture". It is said that it was fixed and spread from the time it was published.

Geography

Terrain

Mountains

Main mountains Inariyama Oiwayama Momoyama Mt. Takatsuka Daigoyama Chitodake

River

Main river Uji river Kamogawa Katsura River Kizu River Yamashina River Nanase River Higashi Takase River

Region

Towns that make up the ward: Town name in Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City

Population

Adjacent municipalities / administrative districts

Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture (Minami Ward, Higashiyama Ward, Yamashina Ward) Uji City Muko City Nagaokakyo City Yawata City Kuse-gun: Kumiyama-cho Otokuni District: Oyamazaki Town Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture

History

Ancient

Kofun period

17th year of Emperor Yuryaku (473?)-In the article of the 17th year of Emperor Yuryaku in "Nihon Shoki", there is a description of "Murakami Village in Yamashiro Province", which is considered to be the first time in the literature. The land donated by the founder of the Haji clan, Gou. Emperor Kinmei 2nd year (532?)-Emperor Kinmei searches for his father, Otsu Hata, who had power in the Yamashiro province, in Fukakusa-ri, Kii-gun, and uses it as his right arm.

Nara period

Wado 4th year (711) -It is said that Hata no Irogu will build the Fukakusa Inari Shrine.

Heian period

4th year of Jōgan (861) --- Fujiwara no Yoshifusa of the Fujiwara Kita family founded Jōgan Temple. Fukakusa is said to have been the territory of Mr. Fujiwara. 16 years of Jōgan (874.

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