Conservative Party (UK)

Article

May 21, 2022

The Conservative Party (English: Conservative Party) is a center-right political party in the United Kingdom that originated in the Tories during the royal era. The official name is Conservative and Unionist Party (English: Conservative and Unionist Party). Since then, until the beginning of the 20th century, the Liberal Party and the Labor Party have formed a two-party system since the 1920s, and the transition of power has been repeated. It has been in the ruling party since the first Cameron Cabinet (Dad Cameron, leader and prime minister), which was established on May 11, 2010. He is currently the Second Johnson Cabinet (December 13, 2019-, Boris Johnson Party Leader and Prime Minister).

Name

The official name of the Conservative Unionist Party (English: Conservative and Unionist Party) is rarely used outside Scotland and Northern Ireland, and is usually named after the Conservative Party (English: Conservative Party). use. It is a member of the International Democrat Union. In the 1830s, Robert Peel changed the name of the predecessor Tories to "Conservative Party" because liberal reform was the trend of the times. However, even now, "Tory" is sometimes used as a popular name for the party.

Party history

Origin (--1830s)

The history of the Conservative Party cannot be traced back to the Tories at the time of the Glorious Revolution, as it is difficult to confirm the continuity of the party organization by popular wisdom. On the other hand, its direct origin is sought after by a group of supporters of William Pitt (Small Pitt, Prime Minister from 1783 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806) from the 1780s to the 1800s. Many of them were from Whigs, and Pitt himself called himself an Independent Whig because he started his career as a Whig. During this time, Pitt's supporters worked with Tory to confront the Whigs sect led by Charles James Fox. After the death of the small pit in 1806, the Whig-born Pitts began to call themselves Tories, and new Tories were born, including the old Tories. In addition to the Pitts, it was the members of the Rockingham Whigs (Rockingham Whigs) who contributed to the birth of the new Tory. Among them, conservatives such as Duke Portland and Edmund Burke, who were the leaders after the death of Marquess of Rockingham, were Fox and Charles Gray (later Count Gray, 1830-1834) over the response to the French Revolution. I fell into a conflict with other influential people such as the Prime Minister). Eventually, they split up with Fox and others and joined the Pitt Cabinet in 1794, with the Duke of Portland joining the Cabinet as Minister of the Interior. Then, in 1807, with the support of the Pitts and Tory, a cabinet headed by the Duke of Portland was formed, which became the first administration of the new Tory. The Conservative's direct ancestors, the Pitts or the new Tory, have consistently been in power from the formation of the First Pitt Cabinet in 1783 to 1830, except for a short period (1801-1804, 1806-1807). In particular, Count Liverpool maintained a stable administration as prime minister for 15 years from 1812 to 1827. However, at the end of the Liverpool administration, conflicts within the party over the Catholic emancipation issue began to emerge. Earl of Liverpool's successor was George Canning, who was active in the Catholic emancipation, but opposition to the liberation refused to cooperate with the Canning Cabinet. The Cabinet was short-lived due to the sudden death of Canning, and the Canningite Godrich.