first inhabitants

Article

July 5, 2022

Indigenous people are a group of people who originally lived in a certain land. In particular, it is used to distinguish it from foreign invaders and colonists. With the natives. Historically, it often refers to the first ethnic groups that Europeans first came into contact with, especially in the Americas and Oceania, especially after the Age of Discovery (“geographical discoveries”).

Name and definition

It emphasizes the concept of "ethnicity" and is sometimes called "Indigenous peoples" (English: Indigenous peoples), but due to the ambiguity of the concept of "ethnicity", it is necessary to pay attention to its definition. In Japan, the word "indigenous people" has been replaced by the word "indigenous people" since it was considered to have a discriminatory meaning. However, the expression "(Taiwan) indigenous people" is common in Taiwan, which uses Chinese, because the Chinese word "destination" includes the meaning of "already gone" and is rather discriminatory. be.

History

Indigenous peoples were forced to subordinate to the state during the formation stage of the state, and there are many cases where they were forced to be weakened by plague, slavery and slaughter. Some indigenous people once had a nation and were extremely prosperous (such as the Cham), while others had a history of dominating the majority (Manchu). Traditionally, indigenous cultures have been treated negatively as "barbaric" and "undeveloped." On the other hand, the dignity of indigenous peoples and the inheritance and regeneration of culture are being recognized in recent years. Indigenous peoples of the Americas (excluding Eskimos) are often collectively referred to as Indian Indios. It should be noted that there are various indigenous peoples with different cultures in the Americas. "Indian" and "Indio" originally refer to Indians, which is an inappropriate name to refer to Native Americans (because Christopher Columbus, who discovered the Americas, misunderstood it as India), but in the words of Native Americans. Since there is no self-proclaimed name for the diverse ethnic groups of the Americas, the indigenous people now use "Indian" and "Indio".

Activities by the United Nations

Since 1994, the United Nations has established August 9th every year as the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples. In 2007, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Protection of isolated indigenous settlements

India-The Government of India has banned landings on certain islands to prevent conflict with tribes that refuse to interact with outsiders residing in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (eg, the Sentinelese of North Sentinel Island). There is. Brazil-The Brazilian government began setting up indigenous settlements in 2016 to protect the settlements of tribes that live in the upper reaches of the Amazon River and have no interaction with outsiders.

Main indigenous people (including those who disagree with being indigenous)

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Footnote

Related items

Definition of indigenous peoples Imperialism Colony People tribe Uncontacted tribes Mongoloid Rigoberta Menchu ​​(Guatemalan Indigenous People, 1992 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate) Monoethnic nation

External link

"Indigenous People"-Kotobank