All-Japan High School Baseball Championship
The All Japan High School Baseball Tournament (Zenkoku Koto Gakko Yakyu Sen Shuken Taikai, All Japan High School Baseball Championship) is held at Hanshin Koshien Stadium in Nishinomiya City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. It is a high school baseball tournament held every August by the federation (Takano Ren). The predecessor, the National Junior High School Championship Baseball Tournament, was held for the first time in 1915 (Taisho 4) at Toyonaka Stadium in Osaka Prefecture, and from 1948 (Showa 23), it became the current name due to the reform of the educational system.
The color of the tournament flag and the winning flag is crimson, and it is called the ``crimson grand winning flag'', especially referring to the winning flag. It is expressed as ``summer Koshien'', ``summer high school baseball'', ``summer championship'', ``Koshien'', ``summer'', ``championship'', ``the XXth summer'', etc. Once every five years (the last digit is 0) and 5 times) will be held as a commemorative competition.
For past winning schools, refer to the past winning schools of the National High School Baseball Championship.
Participating schools for the main tournament will be decided at the regional tournament held from mid-June to late July. The match format is the same as the main tournament, all knockout tournaments, and the winning school can participate in the main tournament as a representative school. The number of participating schools in all regional competitions is around 4,000 (over 4,000 from 1990 to 2011).
The basic rules of the local tournament are the same as the selected high school baseball tournament (selection, spring Koshien), which is held in accordance with the official baseball rules, amateur baseball internal rules, and high school baseball special rules. At local competitions, a cold game system (5 times 10 points or more, 7 times 7 points or more) is implemented due to the score difference. However, only in the final match, the call game is not applied, and if the 9th inning does not end, it will be a no game.
Number of participating teams In the 1st round (1915), a total of 10 schools representing the 9 districts of Tohoku, Tokai, Keishin, Kansai, Hyogo, Sanyo, Sanin, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and the winning school of the spring Tokyo tournament. there were. After that, as the number of participating prefectures and districts increased, districts were divided and new districts were established almost every year.・Shizuoka), Tokai, Koshinetsu, Hokuriku, Keishin, Osaka, Hyogo, Kiwa, Sanin, Sanyo, Shikoku, Kitakyushu, Southkyushu, Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan. After that, until 1941, the number of frames was maintained although there was a movement between frames. Minamikyushu has one school from four or five prefectures, Shikoku has one school from four prefectures, and Hyogo Prefecture, on the other hand, was assigned a single frame from the first tournament under the pretext of being a local. For this reason, it is said that there are advantages and disadvantages in the ranking of the number of appearances, the number of wins, and the number of wins.
After a hiatus from 1942 to 1945 due to World War II, the tournament resumed in 1946 with 19 slots removed from Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan, which had been abandoned due to the defeat in the war. Since then, the division of districts has progressed, and the number of districts has continued to increase. Regarding Hokkaido and Tokyo, which have a particularly large number of participating schools, Hokkaido has one school each in North Hokkaido and South Hokkaido since the 41st competition (1959), and Tokyo has each in East Tokyo and West Tokyo since the 56th competition (1974). became one school. Since the 60th (1978), every year there has been a 49 representative system with one school per prefecture and two schools in Hokkaido and Tokyo.
In the commemorative tournament, the frame price is increased only once.
40th (1958)-One representative from one prefecture was elected.
45th (1963)-One representative from one prefecture was elected.
50th (1968)-One representative from one prefecture was elected.
55th (1973)-One representative from one prefecture was elected.
80th (1998)-In addition to Hokkaido and Tokyo, more than 128 participating schools