Hyogo Prefecture (Hyogo Prefecture) is a prefecture located in the Kinki region of Japan. The prefectural capital is Kobe City.
It has a long prefecture area from north to south, and has the largest area in the Kinki region. It is a prefecture bordering the Sea of Japan in the north and the Seto Inland Sea in the south. Hyogo Prefecture is the only prefecture in Honshu that borders on the two seas, except for Aomori Prefecture and Yamaguchi Prefecture, which are both ends. If you try to traverse Honshu by land from Aomori prefecture to Yamaguchi prefecture, you will definitely pass through this prefecture.
The Japan Standard Time meridian (135 degrees east longitude) passes from north to south almost in the center, and Akashi City has the Akashi Municipal Astronomical Science Museum. The Chugoku Mountains lie in the east and west in the central part of the prefecture, making it a difficult place for transportation.
The coast of the Seto Inland Sea in the south is one of Japan's leading concentration areas for heavy chemical industry, such as the Hanshin Industrial Area and the Harima Seaside Industrial Area, and has the largest number of factories in the Kinki region. On the other hand, from the central part to the northern part, agriculture, forestry and fisheries are the main industries, and there are also depopulated areas and heavy snowfall areas. Since the prefecture-based industrial activity index, which averages these overcrowding and depopulation, is the national average, it is sometimes called the epitome of Japan. In addition, the Hanshinkan area in the southeastern part has the character of a commuter town in Osaka Prefecture, and Kobe City (7th largest city in Japan) and the Hanshin area account for about 60% of the prefecture's population, and multiple highways and railway lines. Are in parallel. The population of Hyogo prefecture is 7th in Japan, and the population density is 8th in Japan.
Most of the prefecture area is composed of the western part of Settsu, the southwestern part of Tanba, Tajima, Harima, and Awaji, which are the provinces of Japan (former country), but because there were two cross-border transfers from Okayama prefecture. It also includes the eastern part of Mimasaka Province and the southeastern part of Bizen Province. It spans seven countries after Hokkaido (11 countries), and these seven countries are Gokishichido's Kinai (Settsu), San'indo (Tamba / Tajima), Sanyo (Harima / Mimasaka / Bizen), and Nankai. Since it is divided into roads (Awaji Province), this prefecture, which straddles the largest number of four regions in Japan, has been established in a way that almost ignores the ancient administrative and regional divisions. Even in the current regional division, the western part of the Nishi-Harima region, which is located west of the Tottori prefectural border, may not fit on the Kinki region page in the map book, etc., and may be listed on the Chugoku region page.
The Meiji government, which had an urgent need to acquire foreign currency, decided in 1876 (Meiji 9) based on a plan formulated by Tsutomu Sakurai under the direction of Toshimichi Okubo in order to utilize the Kobe port of Settsu for the export of raw silk from Tajima. The area of the next Hyogo prefecture was confirmed. As a financial resource for the development of Kobe, tax revenues from Harima and Tajima, which were rich agricultural countries, were used.
The clan placed in the Edo period includes the Amagasaki clan and Mita clan in Settsu, the Shinoyama and Kashiwabara clan in Tamba, the Izushi and Toyooka clan in Tajima, and the Himeji, Hayashida, Akashi and Tatsuno clan in Harima. The Inada family of the Awa domain (Awa Tokushima domain) and the Yamana family of the flag book (replacement) of the Awa domain (Awa Tokushima domain) and the Yamana family of the Awa domain (Awa Tokushima domain) There was a camp and a Fukumoto camp of the Ikeda family who took turns.
As mentioned above, this prefecture, which contains diversity, is sometimes called "Hyogoslavia" in analogy to the socialist federal republic of Yugoslavia that once existed. U5H United 5koku of HYOGO (Hyogo Five Kingdoms Federation) "is being promoted.
Origin of prefecture name
This is due to the fact that the government office was set up in Hyogo Castle, which was in the current Hyogo Ward of Kobe City. Hyogo-gun, Yatabe-gun (formerly Owada no Tomari), where Hyogo Castle was located, was a port town with a population of over 20,000 at that time.