Liu Bei

Article

May 20, 2022

Liu Bei (Ryubi, Ryubi 4th year (161) -April 24th, 3rd year of Shobu (June 10, 223)) was the first emperor of Shu Han, a military commander from the late Han Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms period. He has a character of Gentoku. He was credited with suppressing the Yellow Turban Rebellion, and then fought around. He gained power in Yizhou based on Zhuge Liang's three-thirds of the world, and after the fall of the Eastern Han, he became the emperor and founded Shu Han. He then gave birth to the Three Kingdoms era of Shu, Wei, and Wu. He appears as a central figure in the Ming dynasty novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms".

Person

About personality

Liu Bei didn't enjoy reading very much, and preferred dog horses, music, and good-looking clothes. He had few words, and he was often humble and angry. He preferred to associate with the youxia, so the young man fought and followed him. By the time he was an adult, he was able to study and study.

About appearance

Liu Bei says he was seven feet and five inches tall, his arms reached his knees, and his ears were so big that he could see his ears. It is said that Zhang Yu mentioned "Kanbo-kun" (meaning a person with a thin beard) in Zhang Yu's "Shosho".

About the name

Equipped with a name. He calls the character Gentoku. In "Sangokushi" (Masashi), Liu Bei is called "the predecessor" instead of the posthumous emperor. During his lifetime, he is honored as the "hero" along with his late lord Liu Shan. In "Denshi," this name was widely used as a honorific title for the lord.

About genealogy

Liu Bei is said to be the descendant of Liu Zhen, the ninth child of the Emperor Jing of the Western Han, the son of Yasushi Nakayama, Liu Zhen (?-Death in 113 BC). With more than 120 children and grandchildren of Liu Sheng, Liu Zhen, the ancestor of Liu Bei, was awarded the title of Liu Zhen in 117 BC as a ranged marquis in Zhuo County, Zhuo County. However, around the beginning of the year (New Year) in 112 BC, he was excluded from the Principality because he did not pay the Han Dynasty's upper payment (sake money), which was imposed only on the Ranged Marquis, and the genealogy of the history book stopped there. There is. In addition, Liu Bei is described as the general style of Rin-eup Hou in the "Abbreviation" drawn in the note of "Senshuden". The genealogy after Jing Emperor-Liu Sheng-Liu Zhen is unknown. Emperor Jing Emperor-Kenou Tsuneyama Liu Shun-Zhengding King Liu Ping-Zhengding Retsuo Liu Yu-Zhengding Takao Liu Yu-Zhengding Anou Liu Zhengding-Zhengding Co-Ou Liu Fu-Rin-eup Hou Liu Jing Same) Jing Emperor-Changsha Sadao Liu Departure-Ling Bun Hou Liu Buy-Yu Lin Tai Mamoru Liu Wai-Duwei Liu Wai-Nantong County Magistrate Liu Qin-Sai Wu Wang Liu Yan-North Sea Yasoo Liu Xing-Lin Yu Liu Liu-Rin Eup Hou Liu Qin In the fiction "Sanguozhi Pinghua" and "Sanguozhi Pingi", the genealogy after Liu Zhen, the son of Liu Zhen, and Liu Zhen, the son of Liu Zhen, is Liu Zhen, and Liu Zhen, the son of Liu Zhen. , The child Liu Zhen was sealed by Shu Han Hou, Liu Ying was sealed by Shu Yang Hou, and although several generations after Liu Zhen received the dignity of the lords, Liu Bei's parents' generation was struck by the decline of family luck. Even though it fell to selling and selling, it was admired by the emperor in the era of Liu Bei and was sealed by the left general, Yijotei Hou. It is said that it was done. This is a creation except for some. In addition, Katsuyoshi Yamada, who is studying the restoration of the Han dynasty (exemption from the role of 徭), has various descendants of successive emperors who have lost the qualification of the sect room, which was called affiliation after the 2nd year of the Edo period (159). Pointing out that he was entitled to tax exemption, Liu Bei's childhood anecdote (a story of clan settlement and financial support) was that he was protected by a clan group as a member of the affiliation (clan unity). The existence of privileges for officials and outsiders.