30 degrees north latitude


July 7, 2022

The 30th parallel north is a latitude line that forms an angle of 30 degrees north of the earth's equatorial plane at a geographic latitude. It passes just one-third of the distance from the North Pole to the equator, passing through Africa, Asia, the Pacific, North America and the Atlantic Ocean. At this latitude, the solstice is 14 hours and 5 minutes, and the winter solstice is 10 hours and 13 minutes. Approximately the southern limit of the subtropical latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, which means that most of the land on the 30th parallel north has a desert or steppe climate. Even near this parallel, if the area has a sufficient water source and a moist wind blows, it is often classified as subtropical. At this latitude, the meridian arc length fractionated by degrees, minutes, and seconds by the degree method corresponds to the following length. 1 degree 96.49 km (59.95 mi) 1 minute 1.61 km (1.00 mi) 1 second 26.80 m (87.93 ft)

List of passing areas

The 30th parallel north passes through the following places from the prime meridian to the east.


Immediately after the defeat of Japan in World War II, on March 22, 1946, the Nansei Islands south of the 30th parallel north (including the entire area of ​​Kuchinoshima where the 30th parallel north passes through the island) and the Ogasawara Islands came from Japan's administrative authority. Separated and placed under US military rule. The Amami Islands (north of the 29-degree north latitude line) on February 10, 1952, the Amami Islands (north of Yotorishima, excluding Iotorishima) on December 23, 1953, and the Ogasawara Islands on June 26, 1968. The islands have each returned to Japan.


Related items

29th parallel north 31st parallel north