Taipei City

Article

May 21, 2022

Taipei City (Taipei, Traditional Chinese: Taipei City / Taipei City, Note: ㄊ ㄞ ˊ ㄅ ㄟ ˇ ㄕ ˋ, National Language: Táiběi Shì, English: Taipei, Taiwan: Tâi-pak-tshī ) Is a city under the direct control of the Republic of China in the northern part of the main island of Taiwan. As of October 2019, the population is 2,646,204, and although it is the fourth largest city in terms of population over the satellite cities of New Taipei City, Central Taichung City, and Southern Kaohsiung City, it is the capital of the Republic of China. It is the central city of the Taipei metropolitan area, which is the largest metropolitan area in the Republic of China, and one of the world's leading cities in Asia. It covers an area of ​​about 272 square kilometers and is surrounded by New Taipei City on all sides.

Name

During the Japanese colonial era, I read "Taihoku" in Japanese. Even now, NHK broadcasts still use the name "taihoku". The Japanese pronunciation is "Taipei" (Tái běi), the Hakka pronunciation is Toybe, and the Taiwanese pronunciation is Dâi-pak.

Geography

Due to the rapid population growth of Taipei City, urbanization is progressing to the mountainside of the Taipei Basin. In the north, from Shilin, which is famous for the night market, Tianmu, which is a high-class residential area in Yamanote, and Beitou, which is famous for hot springs, to Guandu, where the oldest temple in Taipei, Guandu, is located. The central area has prospered since ancient times, and there are many Japanese-era architecture and Qing-dynasty remains. The Presidential Office Building, Longshan Temple, one of the oldest temples in Taipei, and the old downtown area of ​​Ximending are also located here. In the south, there is a wooden fence that produces tea.

Terrain

Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin, and the Datun volcanoes (dormant volcanoes) are located in the northern part of the city, creating a gentle slope toward Maruyama, Daejeon, and Inner Lake in the southern part of the city. The highest altitude is 1,120m above sea level, followed by Datunshan at 1092m. The center of the mountainous area is a volcanic area that extends to the outskirts of Hokuto. The inner lake, Nanko and wooden fences in the south of the city are hilly areas, and the Nanko Mountains (Thumbs Mountains) at an altitude of about 300 m are widespread.

Water system

Taipei City is classified as a Tamsui River basin. In addition to the main stream, the Tamsui River has a tributary of new stores flowing through areas such as Datong District (Datong District, Dadaocheng), Wanhua, diplomatic missions, and Kagemi. The Keelung River joins the Tamsui River in the GuanDu area after passing through Nuannuan District in Keelung City, Xizhi District in New Taipei City, Nanko, Matsuyama, Uchiko, Dainao, Shilin, and Shako. Due to the curved river channel, flood damage used to occur with each heavy rain, but now the water control project to prevent flood damage has been completed by repairing the river channel of Shilin, Inner Lake, and Nanko. .. Other than this, Kagemikei branches off from Shintenkei at Kagemi and flows to Shenkeng District, New Taipei City via Kagemi and a wooden fence. Shuangxi is a branch of the Keelung River from the Shilin and Beitou boundaries, and the Keelung River is a branch of the Shuangxi. The Sokei flows through Shibayama Rock and the Sotoso Valley (near the National Palace Museum), and the mining valley contains stone tiles and Tianmu.

Climate

Taipei City is located between the East Asian continent and the Pacific Ocean near 25 degrees north latitude, and is characterized by a subtropical climate influenced by the Siberian High and the warm and humid Pacific High. In the Köppen climate classification, it belongs to the warm and humid climate (Cwa). In Taiwan, the four seasons change significantly, and in general, March-May is spring, June-August is summer, September-November is autumn, and December-February of the following year is winter.

Administrative divisions

Transition

The first prefecture was established in Taipei in 1875, and the Taipei Basin at that time belonged to Taipei City's Tamsui County, and Taipei City was not established. 1920-Administrative area reform during the Japanese rule was implemented, and based on the three cities of Wanhua, Dadaocheng, and the castle, Wanhua District, Dadaocheng District, Dadaocheng District, and Kotei Village, which are under the direct control of the Taipei City Agency. Ward