Tang Songyue


August 12, 2022

Karamatsudake is a mountain with an altitude of 2,695.9 m that straddles Hakuba Village, Kitaazumi District, Nagano Prefecture and Kurobe City, Toyama Prefecture, in the Ushiro Tateyama Mountain Range of the Hida Mountains (Northern Alps). Another name is Kamiinugatake. Along with Mt. Tsurugi, Mt. Tateyama, and Mt. Kashimayarigatake, it is one of the few mountains in Japan that still has glaciers.


It is the 93rd highest mountain in Japan, and has been selected as one of the 300 famous mountains in Japan by the Japan Mountaineering Association, 100 famous mountains in Shinshu by Motoro Iwasaki, and 100 famous mountains in Shinshu by Eiichi Shimizu. The steep rocky peaks ("Fukikidake") on the north side of Mt. Karamatsu are known as a difficult spot for traversing the Ushiro Tateyama mountain range. "Happo-One" on the east side is the venue for the alpine skiing competition of the 1998 Nagano Olympics. Most of the mountains are within Chubu Sangaku National Park. On August 20, 1964 (Showa 39), "Happo-One Alpine Plant Zone" was designated as a natural monument by Nagano Prefecture. On December 24, 1999 (Heisei 11), "Kamaike Marsh" in Happoone was designated as a natural monument by Hakuba Village.

Origin of mountain name

The name of the mountain has been obscure for a long time, and historically, names such as 'Shokujodake,' 'Kamijogatake,' and 'Hirakawadake' can be seen, but it is not clear whether these names definitely refer to Karamatsudake. The name of the mountain has not been confirmed in maps and documents from Shinano Province, and the origin of the mountain name 'Karamatsudake' is also unknown. The giant Daidarabocchi was walking around at night and working, but in the middle of his work, the morning dawned and the morning sun came in, so he pulled out a Japanese larch tree and threw it high into the sky, and it became this mountain and got this name. be. There is a theory that the name "Happo" in Happo-one comes from the fact that the view is good and that the ridges extend in all directions from Mt. Karamatsudake.


Located in the northern part of the Northern Alps (Hida Mountains), at the crossroads of the Ushiro Tateyama Mountain Range and the Kurobe River route from Happoone to Keyakidaira, you can enjoy the beautiful scenery of Mt. Mt. Yari-ga-dake, Mt. Shakushi-dake, and Mt. Shirouma-san in the north, and Mt. Shiro-dake and Mt. Goryu-dake in the south. These mountains are also called the Shirouma mountain range. The ridge that extends to the east is called Happo-one, and is known as the site of the 1998 Nagano Olympics (Hakuba Village). The western foot of the mountain on the Toyama Prefecture side is the hinterland of the Kurobe Gorge, and Mt. Daikokudake (altitude 2,393 m) is located 1.4 km south-southeast on the main ridgeline. A ridge extends southwest from the summit, leading to Mt. Gaki, Mt. Okugane, and the right bank of the Kurobe River to the west. The main ridgeline on the northern side of Fukakudake has become a steep and barren ridge due to erosion on both the east and west sides. being called. This place has been known for rock climbing since 1933 (Showa 8). The group of rocky peaks in Fukidake consists of peaks I, II, and III from the north. The second peak is a pair of north and south peaks, and the north ridge of the north peak is particularly steep. Peak III consists of small peaks A, B, and C. The saddle between Tengu-no-kashira and Fukei-dake is called Fukei-Kiretto, and is the lowest point between Mt. Shirouma-dake and Mt. Karamatsu-dake. The main ridgeline extends east-southeast from the summit of Mt. Happo-one Karamatsudake, and about 0.5 km ahead there is a small peak (commonly known as Junction Peak, 2,650 m), which forms a junction between the main ridgeline in the south and Happo-one. On Happo-one, there are Happo-ike Pond (2,060 m above sea level, 2.8 km east-northeast from the summit) and Happoyama (2,005 m above sea level, 3.3 km east-northeast from the summit). Happo Alpe