Toshimichi Okubo

Article

May 21, 2022

Toshimichi Okubo (Okubo Toshimichi, September 26, 1830 (August 10, 1830) -May 14, 1878 (Meiji 11)) was a Japanese samurai and shishi from the end of the Edo period to the early Meiji period. politician. His childhood name is Kasaya, commonly known as Shosuke, Ichizo, Toshitada is Toshitada, Toshitada, and Gagô is Koto. The honors of the rank are the first prize of the gift. He is a former meiji restoration genkun, and along with Saigo Takamori and Kido Takayoshi, he is called the "Three Great Nobles of the Meiji Restoration" and is one of the "Ten Great Nobles of the Meiji Restoration." He was the first Lord of Home Affairs and was the de facto prime minister of the Meiji Japanese government (Daijo-kan) before the inauguration of the cabinet system.

Lifetime

Upbringing

Born on August 10, 1830 (September 26, 1830) in Korai-cho, Kagoshima Castle, Satsuma Province (currently Korai-cho, Kagoshima City, Kagoshima Prefecture) as the eldest son of Toshiyo Okubo, a Satsuma feudal lord. He is a childhood nickname. He is a low-ranking feudal lord whose family is called Kosho. He moved to Kajiya-cho (Shimo-Kajiya-cho) as a child. He studied academics with Saigo Takamori, Saisho Atsushi, Yoshii Tomozane, Kaieda Nobuyoshi and others at the township of Kajiya-cho and the clan school Zoshikan, and became a close friend and comrade. He was a mischievous kid who threw stones at the crater of Sakurajima, which was contraindicated when he was a child, and surprised hot spring guests by adjusting the temperature using water from the hot springs. He wasn't good at his martial arts because he had a weak stomach, but his scholarship was outstanding in his hometown. He retired in Tenpo 15 (1844) and calls himself Shosuke.

Bakumatsu

From the 3rd year of Koka (1846), he served as an assistant to the clan's record office. He was dismissed and dismissed by his father, Toshiyo, in the Yura turmoil of Kaei 3 (1850), and was forced to live in poverty. When Shimazu Nariakira became the feudal lord, he was dismissed and returned to the record office in May 1853, where he became a storehouse. On October 1, 1857, he became a scam. In November of the same year, he accompanied Saigo to Kumamoto and talked with Nagaoka's superintendent, Sansaburo Tsuda and others. He acted as the territory of the Seichugumi, and after Nariakira's death in July 1858, he led the group in place of Saigo, who was ousted in November. In December of the same year, he sent a book to Saigo and asked his opinion about the Dappan decree. In November 1859, he planned a dappan with more than 40 comrades. However, the new feudal lord, Shigehisa Shimazu, gave him a letter and hesitated. In the same month, he made a statement about the current affairs to his father, Hisamitsu Shimazu, and approached him with the help of Saisho Atsushi. Atsushi's older brother, the chief priest of KISSHOIN, was the Go partner of Hisamitsu, so he also handed over letters via the application. On March 11, 1860, he met Hisamitsu for the first time, and in March of the leap, he became a small head of the account. In September of the first year of Bunkyu (1861), he undertook a wooden statue of Masashige Kusunoki, which was treasured by his comrade and relative Machida family, and built a shrine in Ijuin Ishitani. On October 23, the same year, he was appointed to the role of Onoto and participated in the feudal affairs (on October 7, Hori Nakazaemon was also appointed to the role of Onoto), and his family name became a new number. From December 15, 1862 (January 14, 1862) to mid-January 1862, Hisamitsu gave him the name of Ichizo. On December 28, 1st year, he went up to Kyoto by Hisamitsu's internal order.

Overthrow / Restoration

In 1862, he was involved in the political affairs of Kyoto with Hisamitsu from the New Year, and along with Tomomi Iwakura, a public house, aimed at the Kobu Gattai route. I proceeded with taking office. On New Year 14th of the same year, he secretly announced that he would go to Tokyo and conduct state affairs with the former Minister of the Left, Konoe Tadahiro and Tadafusa's father and son. On February 1, the same year, he returned to the domain with the book of Konoe's father and son. On the 12th of the same month, Saigo, who was summoned by Hisamitsu in response to the advice of Okubo and others, returns from Amami Oshima. The following day, on the 13th, at Komatsu Kiyokado's residence, Saigo et al.