Greater East Asia War


November 28, 2021

The Greater East Asia War (Greater East Asia War) occurred between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China, the United Kingdom and the United States, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Australia, and other allies. The name for the war that took place. The Tojo Cabinet has decided to call it the "Greater East Asia War," including the China Incident (Sino-Japanese War). The "Greater East Asia War", which is said to have started based on the idea and concept of "liberating the Asian colonies by Western countries and establishing the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Area to aim for the independence of Asia," is the sovereign nation of the Asian colonies. After the war, it was banned from being used as a "wartime term" by the GHQ, and words such as "Pacific War" were used instead because it was inconvenient for the Allied side, which was composed mainly of. The GHQ designation has now expired, but since the 1960s it has been treated as a kind of taboo and has been refrained from being used in the media. On the other hand, there is also the idea that "the term" Greater East Asia War ", which was unilaterally stopped due to the Allied forces, should be used", and there is a debate about the name of this war due to historical recognition issues. Many have been done.

Background of the establishment of the name

Cabinet decision

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7, 1937, led to the outbreak of the Northern Branch Incident. The Greater East Asia War began here. The 1st Konoe Cabinet issued a "Government Statement on North China Soldiers" and named the case "North China Incident". It was decided to dispatch (increase) troops to exercise the right of self-defense. With the outbreak of the Second Shanghai Incident in August, the front line expanded to Central China (China, now Central China), and to the entire continent of China, giving the appearance of a full-scale war between Japan and China. On December 8, 1941 (Showa 16), Japan declared war on the two countries of the United Kingdom and the United States by the declaration of war (American and British nations), and the first operation, Operation Malayan. Then, the attack on Pearl Harbor started almost at the same time, and a war broke out between Japan and Britain and the United States (see also World War II). From the time of consideration before the outbreak to shortly after the outbreak, war names using the names of the opponents such as "War against China", "War of 1812 against Britain", "War of 1812 against Britain" and "War of 1812 against Britain" were used. rice field. Regarding the United Kingdom, although the war was decided at the Gozen Kaigi on December 1, 1941, it was excluded from the declaration of war in the "Declaration of War against the United States and the United Kingdom against Sul" on the 8th of the same month. Therefore, it is not officially called the "British-American-Ran War" until the start of the war against the Netherlands on January 11, 1942 and the declaration of war the next day. The Japanese government and military have begun to consider how to formally call this war. The Greater East Asia War Liaison Conference on December 10th, the Greater East Asia War Liaison Conference decided on "this war no. rice field. At the meeting, the Navy proposed "Pacific War," "War of 1812," and "Koa War." However, it was opposed that these proposals were not appropriate considering the case of including the "China Incident (Sino-Japanese War)" and the possibility of engagement with the Soviet Union. As a result, the "Greater East Asia War" was adopted. Cabinet decision At the Cabinet meeting on December 12, the Cabinet decided on "the name of this war, the time of the war, and the time of the demarcation." In the first paragraph of this Cabinet decision, "The current situation in the United States and the United Kingdom and the transition of the situation in the future.

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