Taisho

Article

July 5, 2022

Taisho is one of the Japanese era names. After the Meiji era and before the Showa era. This is the 245th era since Taika. From July 30, 1912 (Taisho 1st year) to December 25, 1926 (Taisho 15), which is the reign of Emperor Taisho. For the first time in Japan, the Gregorian calendar was used for the entire period from the first year to the final year, 15 years. The period when the era was in the Taisho era is called the Taisho era as the era division of Japanese history.

Revised source

1912 (Meiji 45) July 30-Because the Emperor Meiji died and the Crown Prince Yoshihito (later Emperor Taisho) practiced (the coronation), it was revised based on the decree (promulgated in 1909 ). The rescript was promulgated and enforced on the same day, and the same day was "July 30, 1918". Edict of the Taisho era (July 30, 1912 (Meiji 45)) December 25, 1926 (Taisho 15) --The Emperor Taisho died at the age of 47, and his eldest son, Crown Prince Hirohito (later Emperor Showa), practiced at the age of 25. The same day was "December 25, 1945". In addition, Prince Hirohito has been regent of Emperor Taisho since November 25, 1921 (Taisho 10).

Source

The origin of the Taisho era is "I Ching", "I Ching", "I Ching", "Taisho", "Taisho", "Taisho" From "Ten no Michi Nari". "Taisho" was nominated four times in the past (at the time of "Genko", "Joyo", "Manji", and "Jokyo"), but was adopted in the fifth time. According to the "Taisho Emperor Jitsuroku", there were "Taisho", "Tenko", "Xinghua", "Eiyasu", "Inutoku", and "Akitoku" as new era proposals to replace the Meiji era. It was decided in the Taisho era by the deliberation of the geheimrat, focusing on "Taisho", "Tenko" and "Xinghua". Ogai Mori wrote the "Era Name" in a letter to Kako, Tsurudo, saying, "'Taisho' is used in Vietnam and does not carry money, but in China, it dislikes the era name of the character" Masa ". . The letter "correct" can be read as "Vietnam stop", so it is unconfirmed that we should look for an example that was destroyed with the letter "positive". "

Overview

The Taisho era (1912-1926) refers to the period during which Emperor Taisho reigned. The era division of Japanese history is usually (before the one-reign, one-generation system), and it is called by the center of the administration such as Kofun, Asuka, Nara, Heian, Kamakura, Muromachi, Azuchi-Momoyama, and Edo. The Taisho era (15 years from the first year of the Taisho era to the 15th year of the Taisho era, and the period is 14 years from 1912 to 1926) is the shortest period in Japanese history. During the Taisho era, two constitutional protection movements (constitutional protection movements) took place, and the political system of the Cabinet since the Meiji era was shaken, and political party forces were to advance. They were called Taisho Democracy, and Yukio Ozaki, Tsuyoshi Inukai and others became their leaders. The Taisho Democracy era is often distinguished before and after the rice riots of 1918 (Taisho 7), but it is the first non-Chinese class without a title in the same year of the rice riots, and Hara Takashi has a seat in the House of Representatives. (Nicknamed "Principal Minister of the People") organized a full-fledged party cabinet ( Hara Cabinet). Hara is a politician with an outstanding political sense and leadership, and promotes the four major policies of "improvement of education system", "improvement of transportation", "promotion of industry and trade", and "enhancement of national defense". However, it ended without the reforms expected by the common people during its appearance, such as opposition to the General Election Law, and was assassinated in Tokyo Station by Konichi Nakaoka, who was a member of Otsuka Station in 1921 (Taisho 10). Was done (Assassination of Takashi Hara). Around this time, the general selection movement became active.