Sumo wrestling

Article

November 28, 2021

Sumo wrestling Sumo box office sponsored by the Japan Sumo Association. Efforts over 4 minutes. In addition, the strengths of the four wrestlers compete with each other, and the effort takes more than 3 minutes in a combined state. If it is combined for more than 4 minutes, it may become "water-filled". Ozumou, sponsored by the Japan Sumo Association, is the most famous and prestigious competition event held all over the world. The venue in Tokyo is the Kokugikan (see Kokugikan, Kokugi # Japanese National Sports for details). Only men can stand on the ring and participate.

History

As the predecessor of the current Japan Sumo Association, the sumo promotion organization that is connected humanly and systematically is the sumo organization in Edo and Osaka during the Edo period. For the Osaka Sumo Organization, see the section on Osaka Sumo. Here, we describe the history of Edo sumo since the Edo period.

Edo period

Sumo as a box office was organized at the beginning of the Edo period (17th century). This is done by temples and shrines as a box office to raise funds for construction and relocation, and this is called "promotion sumo". It was first performed by Akashi Shiganosuke in 1624 at Chozenji Temple (Sasaji Temple) in Yotsuya Shiomachi. However, since 1648, the shogunate has frequently issued bans because of the constant quarrel over victory and defeat and the strong ties with the Ronin group. However, due to the great fire of the Meiji calendar in 1657, it became an urgent task to rebuild a large number of temples and shrines. The promotion of sumo wrestling was permitted on the condition that the group was formed and the management system was established by the elderly. At that time, the person who requested the box office was the first Raigon Tayu, which was also the creation of the Toshiyori Myojo. The first box office was held in the precincts of Tomioka Hachimangu in Edo Fukagawa, which was burnt down two years ago and was in a hurry for reconstruction. After that, it was held irregularly at shrines in Edo City (Tomioka, Honjo Ejima Sugiyama Shrine, Kuramae Hachiman, Shiba Shinmei Shrine, etc.), but since 1744 it has been held four times a year every season. .. By this time, the meaning of the promotion had diminished and the sumo wrestling world had become stronger, and the fireworks display was held from 1733. The box office was held. The event was established here in 1833. According to the "Sumo Densho", there was no ring at this time, and a spectator called "Humankataya" made a circle of humans with a diameter of 7-9m (4-5), and efforts were made in it. In the middle of the 17th century, it was held in a place surrounded by strings under the pillar like a martial arts ring. It later became a square ring surrounded by bales. Next, around 1670, pillars wrapped in four-colored cloth representing the four gods were erected at the four corners of the ring, and a 3.94 m (13 shaku) round ring was set up under the roof-supporting house. At the beginning of the 18th century, a single ring was created in which the bales were halved and buried in half in the ground. A circumscribed circle was added to this to form a double ring (this is also called a "crowd dot ring"). This was called "36 bales" because it used 16 bales for the inner circle and 20 bales for the outer circle. In addition to Edo, sumo groups were formed in Kyoto and Osaka during this period. Initially, Kyoto and Osaka Sumo, which had many signboard wrestlers due to the authority of the imperial court and the financial strength of large merchants, showed prosperity that surpassed Edo Sumo. From around this time, the numbering that defines the list and order of wrestlers at the box office is not limited to the board numbering for posting on the sumo wrestlers.

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','大相撲','Sumo wrestling','','https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Kunisada_Sumo_Triptychon_c1860s.jpg')