Nara Prefecture (British: Nara Prefecture) is a prefecture located in the Kinki region of Japan.The prefectural capital is Nara City.
Located in the inland part of the Kii Peninsula, it occupies the territory of Yamato Province, a ryosei province, and except for the basin in the northwest, steep mountains rise, and the population is quite uneven. The area of prefectures is the 8th smallest in Japan, and the smallest among the 8 inland prefectures.
Located in the central inland area of the Kii Peninsula, it is roughly divided into north and south by the Median Tectonic Line. The northern part of the prefecture is covered with gentle topography such as the Nara Basin and the Yamato Plateau, while the southern part is occupied by the steep topography of the Kii Mountains, such as Odaigahara and Hakkyogatake (Mt. Hakken), the highest peak in the Kinki region.
In addition to the north and south divisions, there are five divisions: Hokuwa, Chuwa, Nishiwa, Uda (Towa), and Yoshino (Nanwa), but the boundaries are ambiguous.
Basin: Nara Basin
Mountains: Kii Mountains, Takami Mountains, Muro Volcano Group, Ryumon Mountains, Kongo Mountains, Ikoma Mountains, Kasagi Mountains
Plateau: Yamato Plateau (Kasagi Mountains)
River: Yamato River, Yoshino River, Totsu River
Mountains: Mt. Hakkyogatake, Mt. Misen, Mt. Shakagatake, Mt. Daifugen, Mt. Sanjogatake, Mt. Inamuragatake, Mt. Odaigahara, Mt. Takami, Mt. Kongo, Mt.
The Nara Basin is located to the northwest from the center of Nara Prefecture. Due to its proximity to Osaka, housing development has progressed, and as a result it has become a commuter town for Osaka City and Kyoto City. (Nara citizens). New towns were also developed in the hills surrounding the basin (Hirajoyama Hills, Nishinokyo Hills, Yada Hills, and Umami Hills).
The Yamato Plateau is located to the east of the Nara Basin. Industrial parks can be seen in the Miyako district of Nara city and Yamazoe village along the Meihan national highway. The Uda region is located to the south of the Yamato Plateau. The southwestern part of the city is a basin, and a bed town is also seen around Haibara Station on the Kintetsu Osaka Line in the center of Uda City. Basically, there is more nature than the Nara Basin, and there are tranquil scenery such as the Tsukigase Bairin in Nara City and the Soni Plateau in Soni Village.
The Yoshino region is a forest area that occupies nearly two-thirds of the area of Nara Prefecture (comparable to Kanagawa Prefecture and Saga Prefecture). The area is the same as that of Yoshino County or includes Gojo City. The Yoshino area is particularly famous for the Senbonzakura in Yoshino Town, which attracts many tourists in the spring. There is also the Omine Okugake-michi and Kumano Kodo (Kobechi), which are World Heritage Sites, and has attracted many worshipers since ancient times as a sacred place for mountain worship. Some areas in the northern part of the county, such as Oyodo-cho, are located along the Kintetsu Yoshino Line and have relatively large residential areas, so new towns have been developed as commuter towns for Osaka City and Kyoto City, as in the northern part of the prefecture. . On the other hand, most of the villages, such as Kamikitayama Village and Nosegawa Village, are steep mountains with a small area of habitable land, and traffic is inconvenient due to delays in road measures. There are few and depopulated, and financial reconstruction organizations are progressing.
Nara has a so-called inland climate with large annual and daily temperature ranges, and the average annual temperature in Nara is 14.6°C, which is almost the average temperature among the national meteorological offices. The amount of precipitation is relatively small at 1333.2 mm throughout the year, and snow clouds may flow in the Nara Basin (areas such as Nara City and Kashihara City) when the winter pressure pattern is strong or when the south coast low pressure passes off the Kii Peninsula. There are times when it snows, but overall the number of days of snowfall observation is not that many (annual average of 23.3 days). When the snow depth is 10 cm or more, most of it is low on the south coast.