Chronology of female scientists


May 21, 2022

The Chronology of Female Scientists is a chronological table of notable achievements of female scientists in the history of science.

Before the 17th century

27th century BC: There is a record of the female medical scientist Merit-Ptah in Egypt. Around 400: Hypatia becomes principal of the Neoplatonist Philosophy School in Alexandria. 11th century: Trotura is said to have worked as a doctor at the Salerno Medical School and wrote "De passionibus mulierum curandarum or Trotula Major". Around 1150: Medieval German Benedictine abbot Hildegard von Bingen leaves a book on medicine.

18th century

1705: Maria Sibylla Merian of Germany publishes a collection of hand-colored copperplate prints on insects in Suriname, "Insect Metamorphosis from Suriname". 1731: Laura Bassi is appointed professor at the University of Bologna. 1740: Emily du Chatelet publishes "Physics Tutorial". 1750: Maria Gaetana Agnes is appointed as a professor at the University of Bologna. 1761: French astronomer Nicole-Reine Leport, who calculated the return time of comets, was selected as an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences in Beziers. 1766: Jeanne Baret embarks on a round-the-world expedition to Louis Antoine de Bouganville as an assistant to botanist Philibert Commerson in the guise of a man. She will be the first woman to go around the world. 1783: Yekaterina Voronts is appointed by Catherine II as President of the Russian Academy and Director of the Academy of Sciences. 1787: Caroline Herschel becomes rewarded as an assistant to her brother William Herschel and becomes the first woman in the United Kingdom to be officially rewarded for her scientific work. 1794: Elizabeth Fulham publishes her chemistry book, An Essay on Combustion, which describes the photochemical and water catalysis of gold and silver. Late 18th Century: Anna Blackburne of England creates a natural history collection of insects.

19th century

Around 1800: Sophie Germain publishes a math dissertation under a male name. 1806: Jane Marcet publishes "Chemical Talk", which is well received. 1821: Mary Anning discovers a skeletal fossil of Plesiosaurus. Around 1842: Ada Lovelace writes about the Analytical Engine. 1847: Maria Mitchell discovers a comet. 1849: Elizabeth Blackwell earns her degree in medicine. 1850: Harriot Kezia, a female doctor in the United States, is denied attendance at Harvard Medical School. 1850: Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania is established in the United States. 1862: Alexandrine Tinne of the Netherlands explores the unexplored land of Bahr el Ghazal in Sudan. 1868: Clemence Royer translates "On the Origin of Species" into French. 1869: Mary Somerville of England receives the Patron's Medal from the Royal Geographical Society. 1869: Seven female students are admitted to the University of Edinburgh, Scotland (Edinburgh Seven), but are not awarded a degree. 1870: British woman Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson is the first French woman to receive a PhD in medicine. 1875: Madley.