Chronology of female scientists
The Chronology of Female Scientists is a chronological table of notable achievements of female scientists in the history of science.
Before the 17th century
27th century BC: There is a record of the female medical scientist Merit-Ptah in Egypt.
Around 400: Hypatia becomes principal of the Neoplatonist Philosophy School in Alexandria.
11th century: Trotura is said to have worked as a doctor at the Salerno Medical School and wrote "De passionibus mulierum curandarum or Trotula Major".
Around 1150: Medieval German Benedictine abbot Hildegard von Bingen leaves a book on medicine.
1705: Maria Sibylla Merian of Germany publishes a collection of hand-colored copperplate prints on insects in Suriname, "Insect Metamorphosis from Suriname".
1731: Laura Bassi is appointed professor at the University of Bologna.
1740: Emily du Chatelet publishes "Physics Tutorial".
1750: Maria Gaetana Agnes is appointed as a professor at the University of Bologna.
1761: French astronomer Nicole-Reine Leport, who calculated the return time of comets, was selected as an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences in Beziers.
1766: Jeanne Baret embarks on a round-the-world expedition to Louis Antoine de Bouganville as an assistant to botanist Philibert Commerson in the guise of a man. She will be the first woman to go around the world.
1783: Yekaterina Voronts is appointed by Catherine II as President of the Russian Academy and Director of the Academy of Sciences.
1787: Caroline Herschel becomes rewarded as an assistant to her brother William Herschel and becomes the first woman in the United Kingdom to be officially rewarded for her scientific work.
1794: Elizabeth Fulham publishes her chemistry book, An Essay on Combustion, which describes the photochemical and water catalysis of gold and silver.
Late 18th Century: Anna Blackburne of England creates a natural history collection of insects.
Around 1800: Sophie Germain publishes a math dissertation under a male name.
1806: Jane Marcet publishes "Chemical Talk", which is well received.
1821: Mary Anning discovers a skeletal fossil of Plesiosaurus.
Around 1842: Ada Lovelace writes about the Analytical Engine.
1847: Maria Mitchell discovers a comet.
1849: Elizabeth Blackwell earns her degree in medicine.
1850: Harriot Kezia, a female doctor in the United States, is denied attendance at Harvard Medical School.
1850: Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania is established in the United States.
1862: Alexandrine Tinne of the Netherlands explores the unexplored land of Bahr el Ghazal in Sudan.
1868: Clemence Royer translates "On the Origin of Species" into French.
1869: Mary Somerville of England receives the Patron's Medal from the Royal Geographical Society.
1869: Seven female students are admitted to the University of Edinburgh, Scotland (Edinburgh Seven), but are not awarded a degree.
1870: British woman Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson is the first French woman to receive a PhD in medicine.