Fuji Mountain

Article

July 5, 2022

Mt. Fuji (Mt. Fuji, (English: Mount Fuji) is an activity that straddles Yamanashi Prefecture (Fujiyoshida City, Naruzawa Village, Nantodome County) and Shizuoka Prefecture (Fujinomiya City, Fuji City, Susono City, Gotemba City, Oyama Town, Shunto County). It is a volcano. At an altitude of 3767.12 m, it is an independent peak of the highest peak in Japan (Kengamine), and its graceful appearance is widely known as a symbol of Japan even outside Japan. It has a great impact on society geologically, such as climate and geological formation. It is composed of Genbu rock stratified volcano with a suspended curve, and its body extends to the coast of Suruga Bay. It is said to be a sacred mountain from ancient times, and especially the top of the mountain was considered sacred because it was said that Asama Omikami was enshrined. The Asama Shrine was enshrined by the Ritsuryo nation to calm the eruption, and the Asama worship was established. In addition, it became recognized as a sacred place for Shugendo by the founder of Mt. Fuji Shugendo, and worship was started. These Fuji worships have diversified with the times, leading to the formation of groups such as Murayama Shugen and Fujiko. Currently, there are many tourist attractions around the foot of Mt. Fuji, and Mt. Fuji is popular during the summer season. It has been selected as one of Japan's Three Holy Mountains (Three Holy Mountains), Japan's 100 Famous Mountains, and Japan's Top 100 Geological Sites. In 1936 (Showa 11), it was designated as Fuji Hakone Izu National Park. After that, in 1952 (Heisei 27), a special scenic spot, in 2011 (Heisei 23), a historic site, and on June 22, 2013 (Heisei 25), along with related cultural assets, "Mt. It was registered as a World Cultural Heritage site under the name of "The Source of Art".

Name

Etymology

The oldest record of Mt. Fuji is said to be the word "Fukujidake" in "Hitachi no Kuni Fudoki". There are many other names, and there are also ancient documents that describe Fujisan or Fujisan. There is also a legend in "Taketori Monogatari". There is also a theory that it was called Mt. Fuji after the Yamato word for the long slope of the mountain called "Fuji". Since modern times, the missionary Bachelor has suggested that the name comes from the Ainu word "funchinupuri," which means "mountain that blows fire." However, there is a counterargument that this is a misunderstanding that comes from "Apefuchi Kamui", which represents the god of fire that sits in the hearth. Other etymologies include Malay, Maori, and original Polynesian theories. In the process of clearly describing "Mt. Fuji", there is something that is said to be derived from Suruga Province, and as a record, "Mt. a.

Named after Mt. Fuji

Since Mt. Fuji is a famous peak that represents Japan, there are many place names with "Fuji" in various parts of Japan. At the foot of Mt. Fuji, Fuji City, Fujinomiya City, Fuji County in Shizuoka Prefecture, Fujiyoshida City, Fujikawaguchiko Town, and Fujikawa Town in Yamanashi Prefecture (the name of the town was also in Ihara District, Shizuoka Prefecture (incorporated into Fuji City)) There is. Another common example is to name the place where you can see Mt. Fuji as Fujimi (example: Fujimi City, Saitama Prefecture), or to name a mountain similar to Mt. Fuji (mainly stratovolcano) "Fuji" (Shinano Fuji, etc.) ). Japanese people who have immigrated outside Japan may also call the mountains near their place of residence "○○ Fuji". There are mountains named "Fuji" in all parts of the country, including at least 321 seats, including other names, and they are called hometown Fuji. In addition to place names, there are many names bearing "Fuji". Also known as "Fuyoho" and "Fugaku".