Toyama Air Raid


January 18, 2022

The Toyama Air Raid is an air raid on Toyama City in Toyama Prefecture from August 1st to August 2nd, 1945 (Showa 20) during the Pacific War. Air raids were carried out on urban areas instead of military factories, which was the most damaging of air raids on local cities except for the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


Toyama City

Toyama City was originally a castle town of 100,000 stones of the Toyama Domain, and is the prefectural capital of Toyama Prefecture, where drug sales are the first priority in products. The transportation was very inconvenient, and in terms of commerce, there were only a few drug dealers nationwide. In terms of industry as well, it was centered on drug sales and copperware manufacturing, and although it saw considerable development, the production value did not extend to agriculture. However, when the times changed to the Meiji era, transportation and communication developed, roads and railroads opened everywhere, and the development of shipping was remarkable, and Toyama Prefecture became the central point for collecting and distributing goods from all sides. As a result, the development of commerce and industry was remarkable along with the government policy of the breeding industry, and in 1921 (Taisho 10), the value of industrial production finally exceeded the value of agricultural production. The large modern factory in Toyama City started with the Kureha Spinning Kureha Factory established on July 12, 1929, and on October 18, 1933 (Showa 8), the Nimman Aluminum Toyama Factory, November of the same year. Nisshin Spinning Toyama Factory on the 13th, Nippon Soda Iwase Factory in May 1936, Fujikoshi Higashi Iwase Factory in 1938, and Nissojin Silk Pulp Toyama Factory in June of the same year. However, the industrial development during this period was due to the renovation of Higashi Iwase Port and the opening of the Toyama Canal, which Toyama Prefecture had promoted. rice field. While the industrialization of the northern region was progressing in this way, on April 10, 1940 (Showa 15), the Higashiiwase Seaside Industrial Zone Creation Project was further laid down, further promoting its development.

US Army Air Raids on Japan

At the end of the Pacific War (Greater East Asia War), the U.S. Army, one of the Allied Forces, basically has a population based on the results of the 5th Census Census conducted in 1940 (Showa 15) by city. We have selected 180 small and medium-sized cities as air raid targets, targeting commercial and industrial cities with many air raids. Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Yokohama, Kobe, Kawasaki and Amagasaki were destroyed by the air raids that had already taken place, and Kyoto, Hiroshima, Niigata and Kokura were excluded because they were targeted for the atomic bombing. As of July 21, 1945, it was finally narrowed down to 137 cities (air raids on mainland Japan # July 21, 1945 US military report). At that time, Toyama City had a population of 127,860, so it was selected as the 36th target for the bombing, but what the U.S. military had considered as an important goal in Toyama City was the development as mentioned above. It was the industrial area that was on the way. However, in reality, the industrial area was not hit by a large air raid. It is said that this is largely due to the change in the purpose of air raids on local cities, which states that the densely populated areas of the city should be burned down, rather than the munitions factories advocated by Admiral Curtis LeMay. Maj. Gen. LeMay cites that the reason for the change was that the Japanese munitions industry relied heavily on the domestic industry, but in reality it was intentionally staffed to give a psychological impact to the Japanese people. It has been pointed out that he was aiming for killing. Citizenship killings unrelated to military affairs

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