Toyama City

Article

January 22, 2022

Toyama City is a city located from the central part of Toyama Prefecture to the southeastern part. It is the prefectural capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, and is designated as a core city.

Overview

It is the prefectural capital of Toyama Prefecture, and is located from the central part to the southeastern part of the prefecture. On April 1, 2005, the current merger of seven cities, towns and villages, Toyama City (former city), Osawano Town, Kaminiikawa District, Oyama Town, Yatsuo Town, Nei District, Fuchu Town, Yamada Village, and Hosoiri Village. Toyama City was established. As a result of this merger, it has the second largest total area of ​​all prefectures in Japan (11th in cities nationwide). In addition, it occupies 29.24% of the area of ​​Toyama prefecture, and one municipality occupies the largest area in the prefecture. The city area extends north to south with respect to the Toyama prefecture area, and borders both the Sea of ​​Japan and the prefectural border on the south side. The ratio of habitable land area to the large total area is 38.2%, and about 60% of the city area is forested land. In addition, the area ratio of urbanized areas is 5.8%, and we are proceeding with urban planning aiming for a compact city in response to the selection of an environmental model city. It has also been selected as an Environmental Future City, International Conference Tourism City, United Nations Energy Efficiency Improvement City, Resilient City, SDGs Future City in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and Municipal SDGs Model Project. Most of the city is designated as Tateyama Kurobe Geopark, and the southeastern part is designated as Chubu Mountain National Park. Since 2011, the city has been focusing on international environmental projects such as promoting the installation of small hydroelectric power generation facilities in Bali, Indonesia, and on February 2, 2017, it was the first international core city in Japan. It has an agreement with the Cooperation Organization (JICA) such as personnel exchange and technical cooperation. The city functions as a primate city in the prefecture. Due to the merger, the area that prospered as a castle town of Toyama Castle known as "Etchu Toyama's drug dealer" (also called "Yakuto"), the area that developed as the gate town of the ancient temple of Jodo Shinshu, Tateyama Shugen Various areas were included, such as the area where people went to as a post town for climbers. The head office and branches of Lifeline are located, and in terms of commerce and industry, it functions not only as the center of Toyama Prefecture but also as a base city in the Hokuriku region. The terrain is also varied, and various animals and plants inhabit from Toyama Deep Sea Hase at a depth of about 3,000 meters to Mt. Suisho at an altitude of 2,986 meters, and firefly squids and grouse (thunderbirds) are used as tourism resources. The coast of Toyama Bay from Toyama City to Uozu City, where firefly squids are landed, is designated as a special natural monument. The dialect is the area where the Toyama dialect is used. It is 252.5 km away from Niigata City, the prefectural capital of neighboring Niigata Prefecture. This is the longest distance in Japan between the prefectural capitals of neighboring prefectures connected by land (764.9 km between Kagoshima City and Naha City is the longest, including the seaside adjacency).

Geography

Terrain

It is located in the central to southeastern part of Toyama prefecture and occupies about one third of the total area of ​​the prefecture. From the northern part to the central part of the city, the Toyama Plain of the alluvial plain formed by rivers such as the Jinzu River and the Joganji River spreads. The gentle Kureha Hills lie in the Midwest, the Hida Highlands in the south, and the magnificent Northern Alps Tateyama Mountain Range in the southeast. It is certified as a forest therapy base. Toyama Bay, a treasure trove of abundant fish and shellfish, extends to the north of the Toyama Plain. A pond called Shinyu in the Tateyama Caldera produces high-quality jade stone (a type of opal). Mountains: Mt. Suisho (the highest peak in Toyama City), Mt. Yakushi, Goro Noguchi.

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