Toyama Prefecture (English: Toyama Prefecture) is a prefecture located in the central region of Japan. The prefectural office is located in Toyama City.
It is located on the Sea of Japan side of the Chubu region, almost in the center of the Hokuriku region including Niigata prefecture.
Toyama Prefecture is separated by the Sea of Japan (mostly Toyama Bay) to the north and mountain ranges on the other three sides. It has the same territory as Etchu, a province of Japan.
The prefectural border with Niigata prefecture in the east is known as Oyashirazu Cliff. The Hida Mountains (Northern Alps) can be seen on the prefectural border with Nagano Prefecture. The northern part of the prefectural border with Ishikawa Prefecture is the Hodatsu Hills, and the southern part is the Ryohaku Mountains that straddle Gifu Prefecture. The Hida Mountains and the Hida Highlands are on the southern border of Gifu Prefecture.
Although it is surrounded by mountains, the Hokuriku Expressway, which connects to the west of Kaga (currently the southern part of Ishikawa Prefecture), is located near the Kurikara Pass in the west, and has strong economic and cultural ties. At the end of the Warring States period, Sassa Narimasa of Etchu and Toshiie Maeda of Kaga fought. After that, Etchu was given to Toshinaga Maeda, a child of Toshiie, by Hideyoshi Hashiba (later Toyotomi Hideyoshi), and during the Edo period, Etchu was ruled by the Kaga domain and its branch domain, the Toyama domain. Toyama (former) and Niikawa prefectures were temporarily established in the abolished feudal clan, but they were annexed to Ishikawa prefecture due to the fact that the population was considered to be too small and historical circumstances. However, in the Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly, the restoration of flood damage in Toyama was neglected and the necessary expenses were monopolized by the Ishikawa side, and not only water control but also living and education were difficult. This conspicuous attitude of disregarding Toyama led to the branching prefecture movement, and the present Toyama prefecture was established in the form that the entire former Etchu province became independent.
In the mountainous area on the border of Gifu prefecture, Gokayama is registered as a World Heritage Site (cultural heritage) as "Shirakawa-go / Gokayama Gassho-zukuri Village", the Tateyama mountain range famous for mountain worship such as Tateyama worship, and the Tateyama Kurobe Alpine mountain sightseeing route. There are routes, etc., and the only existing glacier in Japan. The neighboring Hida region in the northern part of Gifu prefecture has poor transportation to Gifu city and Nagoya city because it is blocked by mountains, and has strong economic and cultural ties with the southern part of Toyama prefecture, which is a relatively short distance. Therefore, Toyama (Etchu) and Hida are sometimes collectively called the Hida region.
Toyama Bay, which faces the north, is a member of the "Club of the Most Beautiful Bay in the World". Fushiki Toyama Port, an international hub port, is a general term for Fushiki Port, Toyama Port, and Toyama New Port, which have developed as bases for the Hokuriku Industrial Area and the Pan-Japan Sea Trade. In addition, abundant marine products are landed in Uozu, Namerikawa, Himi, etc. From Uozu to Namerikawa, it is famous for the sea surface of firefly squids and the coast where you can see the mirage.
Industrial development continued from the Meiji era, which achieved independence from Ishikawa Prefecture, and formed the Hokuriku Industrial Zone. Known as the birthplace of major metal product manufacturers such as YKK and Sankyo Tateyama. It is also the home of the Hokuriku Bank and Hokuriku Electric Power Company, which operate mainly in the three Hokuriku prefectures.
In addition to the "Shirakawa-go / Gokayama Gassho-zukuri Village" that has already been registered as a World Heritage Site (cultural heritage), the "Cultural Heritage Group of Modern Takaoka" and "Tateyama / Kurobe-Model of Japan as a Disaster Prevention Power-Religion / Sabo / Power Generation" There is a movement to aim for the registration of "-" as a World Heritage Site (cultural heritage). There is a possibility that "Tateyama / Kurobe" will be registered as a natural heritage site or a mixed heritage site.
There is Toyama dialect as a dialect. Depending on the area, it is divided into the Kure East dialect, the Kure West dialect, and the Uozu Ben, which border the area around Mt. Kure. The Toyama dialect belongs to the Hokuriku dialect and is particularly similar to the Noto dialect in Ishikawa prefecture. Including "Kitokito" which means "fresh, lively and energetic", it is included in "Kojien".