small first month

Article

January 18, 2022

Koshogatsu is an event on the 15th day of the new year. Or, 3 days from 14th to 16th, or from sunset on 14th to sunset on 15th, or on the day of hope (full moon), or 15 days from New Year's Day to 15th. .. Originally the lunar calendar, it may be held on January 15th of the new calendar after the Meiji calendar reform, or on Coming-of-Age Day (the second Monday of January) from 2000. New Year's Day (or from New Year's Day to January 7th) is called Taisho, whereas it is called this way. It is also positioned as the end of the New Year (literally until the end of the month). Childhood, Second New Year, Young People, Female New Year, Flower New Year. There are also regions called Return New Year and Return New Year.

Origin

It is believed to be a remnant of the fact that the day of hope was the beginning of the month before the introduction of the Chinese lunisolar calendar. According to "Koguwa Saijiki", which is the Saijiki of the Six Dynasties, "On the 15th day of the New Year, make bean sardines, add oil on top of it, and enshrine the door. That evening, the purple mother-in-law was welcomed. Therefore, we will squeeze the future silkworm mulberry and at the same time foresee the public affairs. "

Japanese custom

Japan

In the olden days, what was in the pine tree until this small New Year (which decorated the Kadomatsu until this day) was said to be until the Taisho New Year on January 7 by the order of the Tokugawa Shogunate in the Edo period, but it has spread outside the Kanto region. I didn't get it. It is customary to eat red bean porridge this morning, and it is also called "Akatsuki porridge" because it is eaten early in the morning, and "Unjo porridge" or "Sakura porridge" because of the color of the red beans. In ancient times, "Tosa Nikki" and "Patjuk" also mention that they ate patjuk during the First Full Moon Festival. Even now, there are some areas in the rural areas of the Tohoku region where the custom of eating red bean porridge remains in front of Sagicho. In these areas, it is often contraindicated to eat adzuki beans (or all red-colored foods, including meat) from New Year's Day to the First Full Moon Festival. In some areas, it is customary to make cocoon balls to celebrate sericulture, or to make miniatures of farm tools and pray for a good harvest as "New Year's Eve". For example, in the Azumachosayado district of Midori City, Gunma Prefecture, where there are many porridge farm buildings, Oboso, porridge, porridge, chopsticks, and swords are used to celebrate the First Full Moon Festival. We pray for a good harvest and the development of our wife with decorations such as two swings, saihai, hammered gavel, kakibana, denji, and twelve gods of porridge. In contrast to the Taisho New Year, which has many events to welcome the gods and ancestors, the First Full Moon Festival focuses on agricultural-related events such as praying for a good harvest and homely events. There is also a region called New Year's Day in the pine tree, which is supposed to let the Kamado rest until human days, in the sense of aiming for a busy housewife. Depending on the location, it is said that men do household chores such as cooking on behalf of females. January 15th was a national holiday called Coming-of-Age Day, as the genpuku ceremony was once held during the First Full Moon Festival. However, it is difficult to understand the relationship with the First Full Moon Festival from its name, and the First Full Moon Festival itself has become unfamiliar due to the effects of urbanization after the period of high economic miracle. It has been changed to the second Monday of January. There are areas where "Sagicho" (Dondoyaki), "Tug of War", "Kayu ura", etc. are held as events of the First Full Moon Festival.

Overseas customs

Greater China

In Greater China, it is customary to eat Tangyuan on the 15th day of the New Year (Lantern Festival).

Korea

In Korea, the Dong Festival (village festival) is celebrated on the 15th day of the New Year (ko: 정월 대보름), and each of the agriculture, fishing, and mountains has its own lunar calendar.

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