Gifu City

Article

January 18, 2022

Gifu City is a city located in the central and southern part of Gifu Prefecture. It is the prefectural capital of Gifu prefecture and is designated as a core city.

Overview

During the Warring States period, the former Gifu town at the foot of Mt. Kinka developed as a castle town governed by Nobunaga Oda after Mr. Mino Saito. During the Edo period, it became the territory of the Owari clan after the area under the direct control of the Shogunate, and the Gifu magistrate's office was set up. In addition, the former Kanomachi, located in the south, is a post town on the Nakasendo as well as a castle town of the Kano domain, and Kanojuku still retains its remnants. After the war, it prospered in the textile industry. In modern times, it belongs to the Chukyo area (Nagoya metropolitan area), and while it has the character of a satellite city and bed town of Nagoya city, it functions as a base for administration, commerce, and information of the prefecture.

Origin of the name

It is a well-established theory that Oda Nobunaga changed Inoguchi, the castle of Mt. Inaba, to Gifu when he captured Mino Province, but there are some disagreements.

Geography

Located in the southern part of Gifu prefecture, it is the northern end of the Norio Plain. It has forests in the north and urban areas in the south. The Nagara River runs from northeast to southwest across the city, and most of the city is the alluvial fan and natural levee area of ​​the Nagara River and its tributaries. The Nagara River that flows through the city is said to be one of the three major clear streams in Japan. The middle basin of the Nagara River was selected as one of the 100 Selected Waters in 1985 (Showa 60). In 1998 (Heisei 10), it was selected as "55 selections of Japanese beaches" and in 2001 (2001) as "88 selections of Japanese bathing areas". On the other hand, the Nagara River, which is an alluvial fan, is a typical ceiling river, and the water level of the river is always higher than that of the city center, and there is a danger of flooding in the event of heavy rain.

Terrain

Mountains

Main mountains

River

Main river

Climate

It is generally characterized by a Pacific coastal climate, but also features an inland climate with hot summers and cold winters. Compared to Irago in Aichi prefecture and Owase in Mie prefecture, which are located on the coast, the maximum temperature is high in direct sunlight in summer, and the number of tropical nights is almost the same as in the big city of Kyoto, so it is very hot and humid. Winters are cold and the minimum temperature is lower than in Nagoya. The amount of snowfall and deepest snowfall in winter is the highest in major cities on the Pacific side west of Kanto. This is because the distance from Wakasa Bay in the Sea of ​​Japan is relatively close for the plains on the Pacific Ocean side, and when strong cold air flows in due to the winter-type pressure distribution, snow clouds developed in the Japan Sea Polar Air Mass Convergence Zone depending on the wind direction. This is because it easily flows over the Ryohaku Mountains and the Ibuki Mountains. In the Köppen climate classification, it is Cfa (warm and humid climate). Highest temperature in observation history: 39.8 (℃) (August 16, 2007) Minimum temperature in the history of observation: -14.3 (℃) (January 24, 1927) Deepest snowfall in observation history: 58 cm (February 1, 1936) Annual average of sunshine hours: 2,086 hours (4th place in Japan) Maximum number of summer days: 152 days (2004 (Heisei 16)) Maximum number of midsummer days: 91 days (2004 (Heisei 16)) Maximum number of hot days: 33 days (2010 (Heisei 22)) Maximum number of tropical nights: 49 days (2018 (Heisei 30)) Maximum number of winter days: 87 days (1945 (Showa 20))

Region

Around Gifu Station-Yanagase See also Yanagase (Gifu City). It is the central city area of ​​Gifu City, and is an area where offices and commercial facilities are lined up. The hollowing out of the central city area is remarkable, and the revitalization of Yanagase has become an important issue for the city. In recent years, convenience such as good rail access to central Nagoya has been reviewed in front of Gifu Station, and redevelopment projects such as the construction of office buildings and high-rise condominiums (Takashimaya South Urban Redevelopment Project) have been developed. Around Mt. Kinka From the mountain in the south of Inaba Shrine, it becomes a culvert to the west.

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