Sagicho

Article

January 18, 2022

Sagicho (Sagicho, Sanmari Cane) is a fire festival event held during the First Full Moon Festival. The name differs depending on the region (described later). It is a custom that is widely seen all over Japan.

Contents

On the night of January 14th or the morning of January 15th, three or four long bamboos were erected in a rice field with reaping marks, and the kadomatsu, the swordsman decoration, and the one written at the beginning of the writing were brought there. Bake. Eat the rice cakes baked on the fire (three-color dumplings, dumplings stabbed in the branches of Kousa dogwood, etc., depending on the region). In addition, it is said that the illness of the year can be removed by taking the ashes such as the note-removing decorations and sprinkling them around the house. Also, it is said that if the flame rises high when the beginning of writing is burned, the character will improve. There are many areas that are considered to be Dosojin festivals. From a folklore point of view, it is meaningful to see off the toshigami greeted by Kadomatsu and the ritual decoration with flames by burning them. There is also a custom of burning fire in Obon, but it is thought that the folk custom of welcoming and sending out the spirits of ancestors is mixed with Buddhism. It is also called Tondo (Sagicho), Tondoyaki, Dondo, Dondoyaki, Dondonyaki, Dontoyaki, Saitoyaki, Onbeyaki, etc. It is believed that the customs in the direction of Izumo originated. There is also a document that describes the tongue as a firecracker. This is probably the Ateji given because Aotake explodes when it is burned. It is said to be a children's festival, and children collect and assemble the decorations. In addition, it is held in each district as an event of a children's association (equivalent to a neighborhood association) at an elementary school. There are differences in what is burned depending on the region. Whether to bake a daruma doll By baking a lucky charm at a festival, it is returned to heaven. It is said that the eyes will be closed and it will not be burned at all at the festival In the Kyushu region where Daruma itself does not appear, it is called Onibi, Onibi, Onebi, Hokkengyo, Hokengyo, Hongengyo, etc. Do it at night or on the morning of January 7th. It is said that it is not good for oranges to trample things that wish for the prosperity of their descendants to continue for generations, in order to make them easier to burn. There is an exhibition at the Kawasaki City Museum about the distribution map and form of the area to be implemented. In addition, even in areas where it is not held, there are areas where the event of burning bills is held on a specific day (December 29, etc.). In recent years, some have canceled due to the Fire Service Act and dioxin problems.

Origin

It seems that it was done in the Kamakura period because it can be seen in the "180th stage" of "Ben no Naishi" on January 16th, 3rd year (February 8th, 1251) of "Ben no Naishi Diary". There are various theories about its origin, but the most influential one is what is sought after in the Miyanaka event during the Heian period. In the New Year's play of the aristocrats at that time, there was a wand called "Giccho" that used a wand to hit the wand like hockey ("Dakyu"). On the first full moon (January 15th), a bundle of leaf bamboo donated by the Yamashina family was erected in the eastern garden of Seiryoden in the palace. On top of that, a folding fan, a strip of paper, and the emperor's good book were tied together. This was sung by Onmyoji, burned, and offered for viewing. According to the "Deadly Picked Up", Onmyoji Daikoku, who wore a eboshi hat and suo, stood in the center of the garden and whispered, and then two Daikoku who wore top and bottom cut off a blank sheet of paper on a bamboo branch. , Standing up and whispering, then a child wearing a demon's face dances with a short stick drawn on the left in gold and silver, and then wears a face.

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