Hiroshima

Article

January 18, 2022

Hiroshima Prefecture (Hiroshima Prefecture) is a prefecture located in the Chugoku region of Japan. The prefectural capital is Hiroshima City.

Overview

Industry (automobile industry, steelmaking, shipbuilding) develops mainly in the coastal area (Seto Inland Sea industrial area). It has two large metropolitan areas, the Hiroshima metropolitan area and the Fukuyama metropolitan area. Hiroshima, where the prefectural office is located, is an ordinance-designated city and the largest city in the Chugoku-Shikoku region. On the other hand, it is blessed with abundant nature in the sea and mountains, and agriculture and fishing are also thriving. For this reason, the industrial distribution is close to the Japanese average, and the prefectural income is also in the middle, so it is sometimes called the "microcosm of Japan." Following the old national system, the western part of the prefecture centered on Hiroshima city is called "Aki", and the eastern part of the prefecture centered on Fukuyama city, which is adjacent to Okayama prefecture in the eastern part of the prefecture, is called "Bingo". Show some differences in terms of culture (see Hiroshima dialect and Bingo dialect for dialects). However, in recent years, Hiroshima Prefecture's policies often divide it into three areas, the Hiroshima area (western part of the prefecture), the Bigo area (eastern part of the prefecture), and the Bihoku area (northern part of the prefecture), depending on the urban functions and living areas it possesses. It is well known internationally because it has the city of Hiroshima, which was the first in the world to be attacked by nuclear weapons in World War II. It also has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Miyajima in Aki and the Atomic Bomb Dome, and many tourists come from outside Japan.

Geography / Region

Terrain

It is characterized by forming a stepped terrain from highlands to lowlands parallel to the Chugoku Mountains toward the coast of the Seto Inland Sea. Basically, the sea level rises toward the north (Shimane / Tottori prefecture side). .. In addition, the open plains are limited to the river basin and the vicinity of the estuary, and although the altitude itself is not high, it is also a terrain with many mountains. This is also the case in coastal areas, and it is not uncommon for mountains to approach the immediate vicinity of the coast. Granites and granite weathered granite (masa) are widely distributed, and the layer of granite soil under the topsoil reaches a maximum thickness of several tens of meters. However, probably because of this, there are many dangerous debris flows and dangerous slopes, and the number of designated places is the highest in Japan. Rivers In Hiroshima Prefecture, there are two major rivers, the Ota River and the Gonokawa River, as well as the Takahashi River, Ashida River, Numata River, Kurose River, Yawata River, and Kose River from the east along the coast of Setouchi. The Ota River basin corresponds to the western part of the prefecture (Aki), and the Gonokawa basin is the northeastern part of the prefecture (Bihoku). The eastern part of the prefecture (Bingo) is the Ashida River and the Numata River system. Yamano There are plains such as Hiroshima City and Fukuyama City that have been reclaimed, but the terrain is mountainous, and there are Miyoshi Basin and Saijo Basin in the inland area. The Sera plateau and Jinseki plateau spread in the eastern part. There are about 140 large and small islands in the Seto Inland Sea. Due to the mountainous terrain including the islands, the number of rice terraces as of 2005 is by far the highest in Japan. Adjacent prefectures: From the east on land to Okayama prefecture --Tottori prefecture --Shimane prefecture --Yamaguchi prefecture, Ehime prefecture at sea --Borders with Kagawa prefecture (However, Tobiko Island and Gourd Island (Gourd Island) straddle the prefectural border with Ehime Prefecture Is out).

Kobo

According to the Geographical Information of the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, the north, south, east and west ends of Hiroshima Prefecture are located at the following positions, with a length of 131.62km from east to west and a length of 118.79km from north to south. According to the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan's area survey by prefecture, city, ward, town, and village, the area of ​​Hiroshima prefecture is 8479.63 square kilometers.

Climate

The northern part is classified as the Sea of ​​Japan side climate, and the other areas are classified as the Seto Inland Sea climate. In the coastal areas, there are many sunny days even in winter, but part of the northern part is a heavy snowfall area. �

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