January 18, 2022

Hikone is a city located in the eastern part of Shiga prefecture. It is a central city in the eastern part of Shiga prefecture. It used to belong to Inukami-gun, except for Toriimoto-mura, Sakata-gun and Inae-cho, Echi-gun.


Former Inukami District, including the Hikone city area, has been a transportation hub in Omi Province since ancient times. From the Middle Ages to the early modern period, the pilgrimage route (also via Takamiya Village) of Taga Taisha Shrine (Taga, Taga-cho, Inukami-gun), which has believers all over the country, flourished. Toriimoto-juku (formerly in Sakata-gun, now Toriimoto-cho, Hikone) and Takamiya-juku (formerly in Inukami-gun, now Takamiya-cho, Hikone) are the lodging towns of Nakasendo that were constructed in the early Edo period. Among them, Toriimoto-juku was the busiest in Nakasendo Nakasendo. After the defeat of Toyotomi Hideyoshi's chief retainer Ishida Mitsunari, who built Sawayama Castle in the suburbs of the current city, in the Battle of Sekigahara, in the Edo period, it became known to the Ii family, the lord of the Tokugawa family. The Hikone Domain was relocated to the Sawayama Domain with Hikone Castle built on the mountain facing Lake Biwa as the core. The Hikone Domain and Hikone Castle played an extremely important role in the system of the Bakuhan system, which glared at the foreign lords of western Japan, along with the Himeji Domain and Himeji Castle in Harima Province and the Bigo Fukuyama Domain in Bingo Province. The two castles, except Fukuyama Castle, continued to exist in the world of Taihei without being attacked because there was no (or suppressed) rebellion by a possible Tozama Daimyo. In this way, Hikone developed as one of the leading castle towns around Kyoto, which is crowded with large feudal lords. In modern times, it was the second largest city in the prefecture after Otsu City for several decades after the city system came into effect. After the Great Heisei Consolidation, the population as of April 2010 was the fifth largest in the prefecture after Otsu City, Kusatsu City, Nagahama City, and Higashiomi City. However, various institutions such as the Local Meteorological Observatory (Hikone Local Meteorological Observatory), National University (Shiga University), and court branches are still concentrated in the city, and it is the center of commerce and industry in the eastern part of Shiga Prefecture. Since it was not hit by a large-scale urban air raid, the townscapes of castle towns and post towns since the early days are relatively preserved, and on January 19, 2009, Kameyama City, Kanazawa City, Takayama City, Together with Hagi City, it has been certified by the 1st Historical Town Development Law (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism). Today, it is widely known through the "Birdman Contest Championship" held at Matsubara Swimming Pool every July and the mascot "Hikonyan".

Origin of place name

The place name "Hikone" is one of the two pillars of Amatsuhikone (Amatsuhikone, Amatsuhikone no Mikoto) and Ikutsuhikone (Ikutsuhikone, Ikutsuhikone), the sons of Amatsuhikone. The latter is said to be derived from the fact that it was enshrined on Mt. Hikone (the mountain on the shore of Lake Biwa, where Hikone Castle was built) as Amatsuhikone Myojin. cf. Hikone Shrine was founded (1734).


Area 196.84km2 (from October 1, 2007 due to the establishment of the city-town boundary in Lake Biwa). Although it faces Lake Biwa, it is located inland and is close to the Ibuki Mountains, so the climate is inland. Although it is classified in the northern part of Shiga prefecture by the Japan Meteorological Agency, Hikone city is located in the central part, and the amount of snowfall is less than that of other cities, towns and villages in the northern part of the prefecture.


East end: 35 degrees 16 minutes 26.8 seconds north latitude 136 degrees 21 minutes 5.3 seconds east longitude (Bunacho). cf. Link to this location by the map browsing service of the Geographical Survey Institute (same below) [3] North end: 35 degrees 18 minutes 7.1 seconds north latitude 136 degrees 18 minutes 3.7 seconds east longitude (tunnel of Meishin Expressway near Surihan Pass) near). [Four] North end of water area: 35 degrees north latitude 2

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