National unity government
The national unity government is a cabinet that was created to include opposing political parties in the event of a national crisis such as a large-scale war or economic depression, or a political party cabinet crisis. It is also called a cooperative cabinet or a grand coalition cabinet.
To give an example of each country, in Japan, the Cabinet of Minoru Saito in 1932 and the Cabinet of Keisuke Okada in 1934, which espoused military graduates as Prime Minister, are famous. These two cabinets were also called "intermediate cabinets" because they were neither party cabinets nor military cabinets nor pure transcendental cabinets. In addition, the cabinet supported by the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, which existed from October 12, 1940 to June 13, 1945, is also classified as a national unity government.
In Britain, the Second Asquith Cabinet and the Lloyd George Cabinet, which were established during World War I, and the McDonald's Cabinet in 1931 are famous as measures against the Great Depression. In addition, Churchill also organized a national unity government by almost all political parties, the Conservative Party, the Labor Party, and the Liberal Party, during World War II.
In Germany, the party dispute was stopped during World War I, and a national unity system called "burgfriedens" was established in which all parties supported the government's execution of the war. At the same time, a similar national unity system was established in France under the name of "Sacred Union". After World War I, Germany had a proportional representation system, so it was supposed to be a coalition in the first place, but especially in 1923, due to the crisis of hyperinflation, the German National People's Party and the German Communist Party became the left and right poles. A nationally-consensual Stresemann cabinet was established with the participation and support of all parties except.
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Cooperation Cabinet movement
Successive Cabinets of Japan