May 21, 2022

A politician (Seijika, English: Politician) is a person who is engaged in politics as a profession, and generally, a member of parliament, a minister of state, the head of a local public body, a member of parliament, etc. are called politicians. ..

Professional politics

Max Weber points out in his lecture "Politics as a Vocation" that "the politician's essence is" partisanship "and" struggle. " In the United States, James Paul Clarke argued that "A politician thinks of the next election and a statesman thinks of the next generation." (Politicians think about the next election, politicians think about the next era). A politician who is enthusiastic about gaining interests such as money and power is sometimes called a "politician". Politicians are not qualification-based professions recognized by the state. It is an unstable profession because it is forced to work depending on the election results. Politicians reflect the interests and intentions of voters in Congress in two ways: faithfully fulfilling their specific needs and doing what they believe to bring beneficial results to them. Globally, politicians are becoming a hated profession. There is widespread aversion to professional politicians in the United States, and there is an analysis that non-professional and anti-professional politician candidates gained support in the 2016 presidential election. In Thailand, a 2014 Bangkok University survey found that around 80% of children between the ages of 6 and 14 said they didn't want to get a job in politics.

Politicians and Concessions

The stakes between the region and the country, which are politicians, and the problems caused by them are inevitable in the world of politics, both now and in the past. Voters who elect politicians will benefit from social and welfare benefits such as improving various systems and improving infrastructure in local areas, or economic benefits from national events, attracting companies, and receiving orders for public enterprises. The politicians also seek to be re-elected in the next election for the convenience of the locals. If it is a form that moisturizes the local community as a return of social benefits, it does not violate the law, but due to the intense pressure of some politicians, it is an act of drastically changing the plan of public works projects or distributing public works projects. Is often the subject of criticism. This is a story that is heard not only in Japan but also in the United States, which is a little old story, but in the latter half of the 1950s, the former Governor of Michigan was involved in the selection work of the main contractor of the US Army's medium-range ballistic missile MGM-31 Pershing. Secretary of the Army Wilber Brucker had been pressured by the locals to give a contract to a Michigan company. Chrysler was the only candidate in Michigan, but Martin Marietta was the only one to win. Corruption cases also develop when the interests of these politicians as an intermediary go far beyond the public welfare such as the improvement of inadequate systems and the development of transportation networks, and lead to the illegal provision of profits to specific individuals and companies. To go. Corruption of politicians has become a problem over and over again, and there is no end to the cases of arrests, convictions and loss of employment. It's not uncommon for a politician to be re-elected in the next election, despite the conviction that he lost his job, because of the expectations of voters' benefits to the local community.

Quality of politicians

Weber is in "Politics as a Vocation".