Shinji Ancient and Modern Waka Collection


August 8, 2022

"Shinshoku Kokin Wakashu" is an anthology of waka poems compiled by imperial command in the Muromachi period. It is the last of the 21st collection.


It was edited by Gon Chunagon Masayo Asukai (Masakiyo Hatsuna) and assisted in the compilation by Takataka as the founder of Wakasho (a collection of waka poems), in response to an imperial proclamation by Emperor Gohanazono and the sixth shogun of the Muromachi bakufu, Yoshinori ASHIKAGA. Ordered on August 25, 1433, Shikibu Soran on August 23, 1438, and established on June 27, 1439. Shinji-cho and kana-cho were written by Kaneyoshi ICHIJO. "Eikyo Hyakushu" was created for the selection, and Hoji (Gosaga-in), Koan (Keizan-in), Kagen (Gouda-in), Bunpo (same), Sadakazu (Holy Imperial Prince Sonen) Todo. Hyakushu poems are also used as selection materials. The number of poems is 2144, and the group consists of spring (upper and lower), summer, autumn upper and lower, winter, greetings, Buddhism, separation, travel, love (1-5), lamentation, miscellaneous (upper, middle and lower), and Shinto rituals. The miscellaneous section includes long poems, folding poems, names of things, and haikai, and the range of poems ranges from "Manyoshu" to the present day. It has the traditional composition of the 20-volume imperial anthology, and there is no difference except that the deity and the poetry are replaced from the section of "Shoku Kokin Wakashu" and the deity is placed at the end following the Chizaishu. The main poets who joined the group were Masaen Asukai (29 poems), Yoshitsune Fujiwara (28 poems), Gokomatsuin (26 poems), Toshinari Fujiwara (22 poems), Teika Fujiwara (19 poems), and Tona (19 poems).・Go-Tobain (18 poems), Yoshinori Ashikaga (18 poems), Masayo Asukai (18 poems), Tamesada Nijo (14 poems), Masaru Asukai (14 poems), Juntokuin (13 poems), Keiun (13 poems) ) and so on. Since Masayo Asukai was the one who selected it, the Asukai family accounted for the majority, and the Nijo family and the Tonnaru school were also treated well. On the other hand, the members of the Reizei family, who were at odds with the Asukai family, were treated coldly (6 by Tametada REIZEI, 6 by Tamehide REIZEI, 5 by Abutuni, 1 by Ryoshun, etc.). A wide range of songs from the imperial family, court nobles, and high-ranking samurai are included. The style of poetry follows the style of the Nijo school, which is based on subtle and tan. There are many poets from the era of "Shin Kokin Wakashu" and the Nijo family, but there is no clear characteristic of the history of waka, and it is considered to be a product of compromise with the powers of the time. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that several poems such as Kazanin Shikane (one poem) and Imperial Prince Munenaga (three poems) are included as 'Einin Shirazu' from the Southern Court's "Shinba Wakashu." After that, in 1465, Masachika ASUKAI was selected as the compiler, and plans to compile a new collection of imperial orders were advanced, but they were interrupted due to the Onin War, and no chokusenshu were compiled after that.


"Shinshoku Kokin Wakashu Waka Literature Taikei 12" Meiji Shoin 2001. Noted by Seiichi Murao


external link

Shinzoku Kokin Wakashu: Excellent Poetry Selection "New Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry" - Kotobank