Japan

Article

July 6, 2022

Japan Japan Country slogan: Nothing in particular National Anthem: National Anthem of Japan Japan (Japan, Japan) or Japan (Japan, Japan) is a democratic nation located in East Asia. The capital is Tokyo. The land with a total length of more than 3,500 kilometers is mainly composed of the Japanese archipelago and the arcuate archipelago such as the Chishima archipelago, the Southwestern Islands, the Izu Islands, and the Ogasawara Islands. There is. The terrain is rugged, and the area of ​​mountains including volcanic areas and hills occupies about 75% of the national land, and the population is concentrated in the coastal plains. There are 47 prefectures in Japan as administrative divisions, and mainly Japanese (Yamato, Ryukyu, Ainu) and foreigners live in and speak Japanese. In the domestic affairs, in 1889 (Meiji 22) after the Meiji Restoration, the Constitution of the Empire of Japan was enacted and became a constitutional nation. The current Constitution of Japan came into effect in 1947 (Showa 22) during the occupation by the Allies after the Pacific War. In 1952 (Showa 27), sovereignty was restored by the San Francisco Peace Treaty.

Overview

The Yamato people, whose mother tongue is Japanese, make up most of the people. Physically geographically, it is located east of the Eurasian continent and constitutes the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is an island country, and because its territory is surrounded by the sea, there are no continuous borders. The Japanese archipelago has 6852 islands including Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa Island (above the mainland). The climate classification belongs to various climate classifications from the subarctic zone in the north to the subtropical zone in the south. The environment is vulnerable to various natural disasters, and the number of earthquakes and the amount of disaster damage are among the highest in the world. Japan has a deep relationship with the Chinese continent and the Korean Peninsula for a long time, and during the Asuka and Nara periods, it imported legal systems, Buddhism, Confucianism, Chinese writing, etc. through trade such as missions to Sui and missions to Tang, and used it to build a national system. There is. Also, as in the case of Shosoin containing multiple cultural properties derived from Persia and India, not only Tang and Korea but also Asian Silk Road culture is flowing in through trade. The samurai government was established from the end of the Heian period after the establishment of the Ritsuryo system, and it was replaced many times. In the Edo period, "Sakoku" was carried out to limit the countries of dating, but the country was opened under external pressure, and the samurai government ended with a large command to restore the royal government in the process of the Meiji Restoration. After completing the centralization through the Satsuma Rebellion and the abolition of the feudal clan, the Constitution of the Empire of Japan was enacted in response to the Freedom and People's Rights Movement, and the country transitioned to a constitutional monarchy. At the same time, with reference to Western capitalism, Japan's first banks, the Tokyo Stock Exchange, and companies that do business with banks were founded one after another. At the same time, industrialization has progressed, and westernization and modernization have been achieved here, and Japan will transition to a modern nation. Japan, which won the Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War, and the First World War, abolished the unequal treaty with Western countries at the time of its opening and expanded its territory. At the time of the establishment of the League of Nations, Japan called for the elimination of racial discrimination in the Covenant of the League of Nations (proposal for the elimination of racial discrimination), but it did not come to fruition. Japan, which has secured the status of a permanent member of the League of Nations in the absence of the United States, has seen political and cultural development following the Taisho Democracy, and the General Election Law is enacted. However, in the face of the Great Depression and the subsequent block economy, Japan ran into militarism and holisticism, headed for the Sino-Japanese War following the founding of Manchuria, participated in World War II as an Axis power, and the Allied Forces. But lost to the Pacific War. Under occupation