Japan Broadcasting Corporation
Japan Broadcasting Corporation(Nippon Hoso Kyokai, English: Japan Broadcasting Corporation, abbreviation/common name: NHK) is a special corporation that is responsible for public broadcasting in Japan, established under the Broadcasting Law.
Established in 1950 as a special corporation based on the Broadcast Law. According to the Broadcasting Law, the purpose of establishment is "for the public welfare, to carry out the basic domestic broadcasting with rich and good programs so that they can be received all over Japan, and at the same time to carry out the work necessary for the progress and development of broadcasting and its reception. In addition, international broadcasting and the association's international satellite broadcasting are to be carried out” (Law, Article 15, Articles of Incorporation, Article 3). In addition, it inherits the operations of the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, which was established in 1926 under the same law (Article 13 of the Supplementary Provisions of the Act). It was established by integrating the operations of Tokyo Broadcasting Station, Nagoya Broadcasting Station, and Osaka Broadcasting Station (currently NHK Broadcasting Center, NHK Nagoya Broadcasting Station, and NHK Osaka Broadcasting Station).
Moved the main office from Minato-ku, Tokyo to Shibuya-ku, Tokyo in the 1960s (Law, Article 17, Articles of Incorporation, Article 6, Paragraph 1). In order to achieve the purpose of its establishment, it was decided to carry out basic broadcasting of medium wave broadcasting (AM radio), very short wave broadcasting (FM radio), and television broadcasting (limited to those carried out using specific terrestrial basic broadcasting stations) as domestic broadcasting. (Article 20, Paragraph 1 of the Law), and international broadcasting for Japanese living abroad and for foreigners is to be conducted (Article 20, Paragraph 4 of the Law). When editing broadcast programs, do not harm public safety and good morals, be politically fair, report without distorting the facts, and discuss issues of conflicting opinions from as many angles as possible. , it is required to clarify the points at issue (Article 4, Paragraph 1 of the Law).
As a public broadcaster, it has 13 consolidated subsidiaries in Japan, including NHK Enterprise, NHK Global Media Services, and NHK Publishing, along with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). In addition, NHK Cosmo Media America and NHK Cosmo Media Europe have been established outside of Japan as affiliated companies. In 1986, a subsidiary, NHK Enterprise Co., Ltd., was established as a joint venture with 25% NHK Enterprise and 25% Dentsu Co., Ltd. as a joint venture. However, it merged with NHK Enterprise on July 1, 2013 after shrinking its business.
The use of the abbreviation 'NHK' dates back to around the summer of 1939, when the Japan Broadcasting Corporation used it in the draft agreement for Japan-Italy regular cultural exchange broadcasting. Before the war, its English name was "The Broadcasting Corporation of Japan." From March 4, 1946, it began to be used in broadcasting as the signature of the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, and gradually spread among listeners. On April 22, 1959, it was officially established in the articles of incorporation as an abbreviation for Japan Broadcasting Corporation.
History of name decision
The abbreviation "NHK" was decided as a result of discussions between the Civil Information and Education Bureau under the jurisdiction of the General Headquarters (GHQ) of the Allied Powers and the director of the entertainment department and other Japanese staff. The Private Information and Education Bureau thought that when private broadcasting was established in Japan in the future, it would be necessary for listeners to identify the broadcasting station as well, and the ideas of 'BCJ' and 'JBC' were also proposed. The Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) argued that rounded characters without corners would look good in Japanese and would be difficult to pronounce. It was said that it was easy to write squarely, so I proposed it on March 3rd and it was immediately accepted.