Meiji is one of the Japanese era names.
After Keio and before Taisho. It is the 244th era name since Taika. The 45 years from October 23, 1868 (September 8, 1868) to July 30, 1912 (Meiji 45), under the name of the Meiji era, are called the Meiji period.
It was an era when the government shifted to a constitutional government system, and 'Meiji' was the first era name under the constitutional government. It is also the first era name based on the ``one generation, one era system''.
The period from October 23, 1868 (September 8, 1868), when Emperor Meiji promulgated ``Issei Ichigen Edict,'' to July 30, 1912 (Meiji 45), when Emperor Meiji passed away. Point. Among Japanese era names, it is the second longest era name after Showa, and the first era name in the ``one generation, one era system'', but Emperor Meiji was appointed on January 9, 1867 ), and 1 year and 8 months later, the imperial era was changed with the issuance of 'Issei Ichigen Edict', so the first 1 year and 8 months of Emperor Meiji's reign do not match.
The period when the era name was Meiji is called the Meiji era as a period division of Japanese history. Until the Edo period (the last era name: Keio), the era division names were based on the location of the central government, but after the Meiji period, the name was based on the era name due to the one-generation, one-generation system.
October 23, 1868 (September 8, 1868)- Crown Prince Mutsuhito (laterEmperor Meiji)Emperor change due to the ascension to the throne.
However, the imperial edict for the change of the era states ``Fortune and misfortune, following the symbol of good and bad luck,'' and ``The fourth year of Keio was changed to the first year of the Meiji era.'' From the fact that the new era changes the name of the year. In addition, an imperial edict was also issued, stipulating that era changes should not be carried out during the reign of the emperor.
According to the "Comprehensive List of 247 Era Names", Shungaku MATSUDAIRA was entrusted with devising a new era name, submitted several proposals, and finally 'Meiji' was selected by the Emperor Meiji himself by lottery.
July 30, 1912 (Meiji 45) (the solar calendar was implemented in 1873 (Meiji 6))- Taisho (Taisho) due to the death of Emperor Meiji and the ascension to the throne of Crown Prince Yoshihito (later Emperor Taisho) sho) and a new era. It came into force on the same day and became July 30, 1912.
This saying, ``a saint faces the south, listens to the world, obeys the Ming Dynasty and governs,'' was used 8 times in the Edo period alone, a total of 10 times ('Masanaga', 'Chokyo', 'Keian') when the era name was changed in the past. ``Shouou,'' ``Tenwa,'' ``Shoutoku,'' ``Genbun,'' ``Kaei,'' ``Bunkyu,'' and ``Genji'' at the time of the era name change), but it was adopted for the 11th time in total.
Tomomi IWAKURA ordered Yoshinaga MATSUDAIRA, and the emperor himself drew a lottery at the imperial palace, using the good Kanmon from the Sugawara family as a lottery.
It means, "Knowing that a saint stays with his face to the south like the North Star, the world will turn to the bright side."
New calendar implementation
From 1873 (Meiji 6), the Japanese calendar was revised and the solar calendar was adopted as the new calendar. The conventional calendar is the Tenpo calendar, which is based on the lunisolar calendar, and henceforth in Japan, simply speaking of the old calendar means the Tenpo calendar.
Specifically, the calendar reform was carried out by changing the day after December 2, 1873 of the Tenpo calendar (old calendar) to January 1, 1873 of the new calendar. As a result, the dates of the Western calendar (Gregorian calendar) and the Japanese calendar became the same.
After Emperor Meiji ascended to the throne, the new government changed Edo to Tokyo with the aim of building a new national system centered on the Emperor. Kyoto Prefecture) was moved to Tokyo (now Tokyo) (Tokyo Capital). The reign of Emperor Meiji is called the Meiji era.