movie studio

Article

August 8, 2022

A movie studio (Eiga Studio) is a studio that produces movies, including rooms, buildings, building groups, sound stages, offices, warehouses, and back lots. English en: Movie studio sometimes refers to a company that deals with advertising and distribution of movies.

History

In 1893, Thomas Edison built the first film studio in the United States, the Edison Black Mariah Studios. The location was near his lab in West Orange, New Jersey, and the studio was a structure covered in tar paper. Edison had circus and vaudeville performers and theater actors perform in front of the camera and screen in vaudeville theatres, entertainment venues, wax museums and fairs. Following New Jersey, film studios were established in New York and Chicago. However, in the early 1900s, film studios began moving to Los Angeles, California, due to the nice weather and long hours of sunshine. Electric lights at the time were not powerful enough for proper exposure, and sunlight was the best light source for filmmaking. Some of the films were shot on the rooftops of buildings in downtown Los Angeles. Early filmmakers moved to Southern California in part to escape Edison's "Motion Picture Patent Company" (MPPC). By moving away from New Jersey, where Edison owned almost all of his movie patents, he made it harder to enforce them. The first motion picture studio in the Hollywood area was Nestor Studios, opened by Al Christie for David Horsley in 1911. That same year, 15 other independent studios moved to Hollywood. Other studios eventually moved to Los Angeles, splitting into neighborhoods such as Culver City, Burbank and Studio City in the San Fernando Valley. The emergence of talkies in the 1920s led to a wave of consolidation in the motion picture industry and a restructuring of the Hollywood studio system. The "five big studios", Fox (later 20th Century Fox), Loews (later Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer), Paramount Pictures, RKO, and Warner Bros. I went there by myself. Universal Film Company, Columbia Film Company, and United Artists are also important companies, but they did not have their own movie theaters, so they could not show only their own movies or movies with their own actors, and they were in control. Inferior, it was called "Little Three Little Three". Hal Roach Studios, Grand National, Monogram Pictures, and Republic Pictures, whose work was less well-known and less-financed, were called "Poverty Row" in real estate terms. The Big Five Studios, which have their own cinemas, have faced backlash from eight independent film producers. Among these were Samuel Goldwyn, David O. Selznick, Walt Disney and Walter Wenger. In 1948, the U.S. government sued Paramount for antitrust violations and won. The Supreme Court has ruled that Paramount's enormous power constitutes a monopoly and is illegal, and ordered Paramount to sell the movie theater chain. By this ruling ordering the separation of production and entertainment, the "studio series"