November 28, 2021
This place (honbasho) is a regular sumo wrestling event held by the Japan Sumo Association. For wrestlers, there is a nature of skill examination, and based on the results at this place, rankings are raised and lowered and mochikyukin rewards are added. Efforts at this place are considered to be official games, and the total results etc. are those of this place.
Since 1958 (Showa 33), it has been fixed at six times a year (see the table below). The naming rights of the venue are as of 2018 (Heisei 30).
Facility naming rights are sold at the venues in March (Osaka) and July (Nagoya), and the organizer, the Japan Sumo Association, lists the names based on the facility naming rights and the official names as described above. I'm using it. Regarding the handling of facility names, the correspondence is different for each media. NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation), which broadcasts TV and radio at this location, uses only the official name of the venue at this location. On the other hand, in newspaper reports, there are cases where the name based on the facility naming right is used by the news media, when the official name is used, and when both names are written together.
During the Edo period, this place was held individually in various places, and wrestlers participated individually in this place at the convenience of the sponsor of the place and his own daimyo. Among them, sumo wrestling in the three cities (Edo, Kyoto, Osaka) was particularly popular, and it was often held twice a year in Edo and once a year in Kyoto and Osaka, but it was canceled due to natural disasters, unseasonable weather, or non-entry. The discontinuation was also frequent. Just as there is a "good man who lives in 20 days a year" in the Edo period, the main place of Edo was twice a year, 10 days each, for a total of 20 days.
In the Meiji era, sumo wrestlers from all over the world became incorporated and had individual wrestlers. Will come to do. In the Showa era, the East-West Association jointly became the Japan Sumo Association, and after the war, it began to perform in Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka, respectively.
One place was held for 10 days in fine weather during the Edo period, but it has been gradually extended, and now it is held for 15 consecutive days. The first day is called "Shonichi", the eighth day is called "Nakabi", and the last day, the 15th day, is called "Senshuraku". The first day is set to Sunday, except for the January 1989 place, which was postponed for one day due to the demise of the Emperor Showa after the 15-day system for one place. As a general rule, the first day is the second Sunday, but in March, May, September, and November, if there are five Sundays, it may start from the third week. The July location was held from June to secure the summer tour period, and may still start from the first week.
The ranking will be announced by the Japan Sumo Association about half a month before the first day of each place. Around 1970, it was set as Monday 13 days before the first day, except for the January location that sandwiches the year-end and New Year holidays. It means that he chose a day of the week with few other sporting events. As an exception, the announcement of the January location ranking has been made around the end of December of the previous year in recent years because the period immediately before the end of the year is the year-end and New Year holidays.
The progress of the ring at this place (the order of entering the ring and calling wrestlers) is from the east on odd-numbered days and from the west on even-numbered days.
Progress of this place
This place starts around 8:00 every day with a taiko drum that is launched from a high turret set up in front of the venue. After this, the efforts will start in order from the beginning, but on the third day (the March place where there are many new disciples is from the second day)