Tokyo (Tokyo, English: Tokyo) is a place name in Japan. A city facing Tokyo Bay, located in the southern part of the Kanto Plain. It has the function of the capital of Japan.
"Tokyo" may refer to Tokyo, which is the de facto capital of Japan and a wide-area local public body, and in particular, it may refer to the Tokyo wards (23 wards of Tokyo) (# "Tokyo" range. reference).
In Tokyo, the city of Edo, which was the location of the Edo Shogunate, was renamed in September 1868 (July 4th year of Keio). Originally, the Edo Shogunate, that is, the government, was set up in the land of Edo, and the people of the Tokugawa family and Rōjū were in charge of politics. There was a double structure (a "multi-city system" state), but on March 28, 1869, while leaving the position of "Miyako" in Kyoto, "Tokyo" was a capital tongue. ) Was done. In this way, Tokyo has played the role of the de facto capital of Japan.
Currently, Tokyo is the center of politics, economy and culture in Japan. On the political front, the Government of Japan will be the home. The Diet Building, which is the legislature, the Supreme Court, which is the top of the judiciary, the Prime Minister's Office, which is the head of government, and the central government office district (“Kasumigaseki”) are all in the 23 wards of Tokyo, which is the center of Tokyo. It is in. On the economic front, most of the head offices of Japanese stock-listed companies are concentrated in Tokyo, and in recent years (in the Tokyo area) the GDP of the Tokyo metropolitan area is 1.5369 trillion dollars (2014) based on purchasing power parity (PPP). ), A global economic city, and a large consumer area. In terms of culture, for example, there are now hundreds of theaters, halls, and live houses (in Tokyo) where many artists are active, and it is also the source of new culture such as pop culture, and Michelin. The number of restaurants with a star on the guide is the largest in the world, and it is also a place where the food culture of each country is flourishing. Tokyo is a city where people from all over Japan, neighboring countries, and countries around the world visit for sightseeing, and as of January 2020, the population of foreigners who have moved to Tokyo is about 577,000, living alone or as a family unit. Although many people live in Japan, immigrant districts have also been formed, and "multicultural coexistence", that is, people with cultural backgrounds from various countries can live in harmony with each other, depending on the goodwill of each district. It is being promoted, and in recent years it is also a place that is being actively promoted by the government. Currently, Tokyo has 23 special wards, 26 cities, 5 towns, and 8 villages. The population is 13.16 million (as of 2010).
The road to Tokyo has never been flat, and it has become a burnt field due to the Great Kanto Earthquake and the bombing of Tokyo, but thanks to the enormous efforts for reconstruction after the war, it is now. It is one of the largest metropolises and cities in the world. Tokyo was a city with many challenges during the Meiji Restoration (see #Post-Meiji Restoration Challenges and Urban Policy), but it still faces various challenges such as high crime rates, overcrowding, and commuting rush. It is a city (see #Recent issues facing Tokyo as a city).
Comprehensive Power In the "Global Power City Index" released by a private research institute under the umbrella of Mori Building in Japan in 2017, it was ranked third in the world after London and New York. In addition, in the comprehensive world city ranking released by the American think tank in 2017, it was ranked 5th in the world after London, New York, Paris and Singapore.
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