Jikei University School of Medicine
November 28, 2021
The Jikei University School of Medicine (English: The Jikei University School of Medicine) is a private university in Japan headquartered in 3-25-8 Nishi-Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo. It was installed in 1921. The abbreviations of the university are Jikei University, Jikei, and Jikei.
University as a whole
It originated from the Seimeikai Training Center, which was founded in 1881 (Meiji 14). In 1891 (Meiji 24), the name was changed to Tokyo Jikei Clinic Medical School in response to the intention of Empress Shoken. After that, in 1903 (Meiji 36), it became the Jikei University School of Medicine as Japan's first private medical college in response to a vocational school ordinance. Furthermore, in 1921 (Taisho 10), he was promoted to a university and became the Jikei University School of Medicine. This is the oldest private medical university in Japan under the university decree.
In 1991 (Heisei 3), the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine Nursing Department was approved for the first time in Japan, and the Department of Medicine and the Department of Nursing were established under the Faculty of Medicine to train doctors and nurses. In 1956 (Showa 31), the doctoral course of the Graduate School of Medicine was established, and in 2009 (2009), the master's course of the Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine was opened. Over 12,000 graduates have been graduated for 130 years since the school opened, providing medical care to society all over the country.
It has been a former medical university since before the Pacific War, and is called "Private Medical University Three Family" (Keio University School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School).
The origin of the Jikei University School of Medicine is the "Adult Medical School" of the preparatory school for medical practice examinations (Class B Medical School), which was founded by Takaki Kanehiro on May 1, 1881 (Meiji 14). Takagi studied at St. Thomas Hospital Medical School (currently Kings College London School of Medicine, University of London) as a Navy student for five years from 1875 (Meiji 8), and thus established an prestigious medical school in Japan. I wanted to make it. After returning to Japan, Takagi established a research group called "Seijukai" in January 1881 (Meiji 14) with Matsuyama Toan, who was involved in the abolished Keio Medical School, and then in May of the same year, this adult doctor was established. We have established a training center.
After that, Takagi and Totsuka Bunkai established a charity hospital called Volunteer Kyoritsu Tokyo Hospital in 1882 (Meiji 15). The purpose of establishing this hospital is to "save those who are suffering from mischief without losing the time for treatment or taking any action because they are poor." This kind of intention is also due to the strong influence of humanitarianism and philanthropy that Takagi received while studying in England. The hospital's funding was funded by volunteers, which is why the name Volunteer Kyoritsu was. As the president of the hospital, Prince Arisugawa Takehito was appointed, and there was strong support from the Imperial Japanese Navy Medical Corps.
Volunteer Kyoritsu Tokyo Hospital played an important role as a place for medical education in addition to these charitable hospitals, and played the role of a training center for the Navy Medical School and a training hospital for the Navy Medical School. This is also an attempt to realize the relationship between the charity hospital and the medical school that I experienced in the UK in Tokyo. In 1887 (Meiji 20), the hospital welcomed the Empress as the president, changed its name to the Jikei University School of Medicine, and the expenses were mainly funded by the imperial family. The Seimeikai Training Center was renamed to the Seimei School and then to the Jikei University School of Medicine, and moved to the premises of the hospital (at that time, 2-chome, Atago-cho, Shiba-ku, Tokyo, now: 3-chome, Nishi-Shimbashi, Minato-ku).
One of the notable projects during the time of Volunteer Kyoritsu Tokyo Hospital was the establishment of a nurse education center. Nightingale attached to St. Thomas Hospital when studying in the UK