November 28, 2021
Tokyo (Tokyo Metropolis) is the capital of Japan. It is located in the Kanto region. The capital office is located in Shinjuku Ward.
It consists of a ward (23 wards of special wards), a Tama area (26 cities and 3 towns and 1 village in Nishitama-gun) and an island (2 towns and 7 villages). It is located in the southwestern part of the Kanto region and has a long and narrow metropolitan area in the east and west, with the eastern part facing Tokyo Bay. The western part is the Kanto Mountains with Mt. Kumotori as the highest peak.
Government agencies, financial institutions, large companies, etc. are concentrated, and they play a central role in Japan in terms of culture such as newspapers, broadcasting, and publishing, and education and academic aspects such as universities and research institutions. In terms of transportation, it is the center of the railway network, road network, and air routes. It is an international metropolis with one of the largest populations in the world.
The metropolitan area consists of Tokyo and the surrounding seven prefectures. In particular, the total population of the Tokyo area (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa) reaches about 35 million, accounting for about 30% of Japan's population. The population of the Tokyo metropolitan area is the largest in the world.
The area under its jurisdiction is Tokyo's 23 wards (23 wards of Tokyo), Tama area (26 cities and 3 towns and 1 village of Nishitama district) and Tokyo islands (Oshima, Miyake, Hachijo, Ogasawara) 4 branch offices (2 towns and 7 villages). It consists of. Since it includes the Ogasawara Islands including Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima, it is also a prefecture located at the southernmost and easternmost points of Japan. The English notation for "Tokyo" officially recognized by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government is Tokyo Metropolis (Tokyo Met.). Others are Tokyo Prefecture and Tokyo Metropolitan Prefecture.
The population is 14,028,589 (as of October 1, 2021). It has the largest population of all prefectures in Japan, accounting for about 11% of Japan's population. Population density is also the highest in all prefectures. The Tokyo metropolitan area centered on Tokyo is the largest metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 37 million. About 30% of Japan's population is concentrated, which is comparable to the total population of countries such as Poland, Morocco and Canada.
Tokyo was once the Edo era where the Edo Shogunate was located, and was greatly developed by the city planning of Ieyasu Tokugawa. After the turmoil at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, it came to be written as "Tokyo" from the documents of the first year of the Meiji era. The capital was relocated from Heiankyo (Kyoto) on February 11, 1869 (January 1, 1869) (see also the list of the capital to Tokyo and the former capital), and the prefectural system was enforced in 1878 (Meiji 11). It became Tokyo prefecture. On July 1, 1943 (Showa 18) during World War II, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government was enforced for the purpose of strengthening the administrative functions of the capital. As a result, Tokyo Prefecture and Tokyo City were abolished, and Tokyo was established by integrating them. With the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Law in 1947 (Showa 22) after the end of the war, the Tokyo system since 1943 was abolished, but the name and administrative area of "Tokyo" have not changed. In other words, the ward established in the former Tokyo city, which was under the direct control of the city under the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, became a special ward as a special local public entity due to the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Law, but was given the authority equivalent to that of the city. The department's affairs and tax collection rights continued to be reserved in the city. For this reason, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building still has both a "function as a city hall that covers the 23 wards" and a "function as a prefectural office."
The Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly is established as a voting body of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The head of Tokyo is the Governor of Tokyo. Its authority is stipulated by the Local Autonomy Law and is elected by election. He has a four-year term. Four deputy governors of Tokyo will be appointed as assistant governors. As of April 2017, the number of Tokyo Metropolitan Government employees (so-called "Tokyo Metropolitan Government employees") is approximately 25,000 general administrative employees such as governor's departments, and the public enterprise sector (transportation, water supply, sewerage). There are about 13,000 people. To this, the staff of the Tokyo Fire Department and the Metropolitan Police Department, and the staff of public schools in Tokyo are added.