Higashi Hiroshima City

Article

January 18, 2022

Higashi-Hiroshima City is a city located in the central part of Hiroshima Prefecture.

Overview

One of Japan's leading sake producing areas, with the sake capital (Saijo Sake), the birthplace of Ginjo Sake (Akizu Sake), and two historical sake breweries. Known as one of Japan's three major sake breweries in Saijo, Nada, and Fushimi. On "Sake Brewery Street" where many sake breweries are lined up in a small area, unique buildings such as white walls, Namako walls, and red brick chimneys are lined up. The "Sake Festival" is held every October and is visited by many tourists. The National Tax Agency Brewing Research Institute moved from Tokyo in 1995 (the current Independent Administrative Institution Liquor Research Institute moved from Tokyo, and the scale of offices and national new sake books was reduced until 2015. The review was left in Tokyo). The red roof tiles in the landscape of Higashi-Hiroshima are notable and have been maintained spontaneously rather than under the guidance of the government. With the mountains surrounding the basin and the red pine forest of the satoyama in the background, red tiles and white-walled buildings are scattered, forming a typical landscape with paddy fields spreading in front of them.

Kamo Gakuen City

A school city centered around Hiroshima University is being created. Hiroshima University decided to relocate the campus in 1973, and the university requested Hiroshima Prefecture to consider a regional plan for the area where the university will relocate, targeting the former Kamo-gun. It was started by the prefecture and the former Ministry of Construction. In 1974, the "Kamo Gakuen City Construction Basic Concept" was announced, and in 1975, the "Kamo Gakuen City Construction Basic Plan" was formulated. The "Hiroshima University Integrated Relocation Memorial Magazine" is examining more than a dozen candidate sites in the prefecture. The town of Saijo-gun was taken up, the relocation was decided, and urban development was to be carried out. After that, with the designation of Hiroshima Central Technopolis, the concentration of advanced industries is progressing, and the Hiroshima Central Science Park will be constructed. It is also adjacent to Hiroshima City and has the character of a commuter town. Due to this nature, the population growth rate is high in Hiroshima Prefecture, and the number of foreigners such as university faculty members, international students, and trainees is also increasing. The estimated population of foreigners is 4,695 (as of the end of December 2009), accounting for about 2.6% of the population. In Kamo Gakuen City, the area adopted for the "Regional Urban Development Project" by the Regional Development and Development Corporation was 500 hectares, the Hiroshima University campus was about 300 hectares, and an additional 200 hectares of maintenance area was required. The hills of the district have been developed, and Takayatakamigaoka (Higashi Hiroshima New Town) has been created. The city planning road Saijo Station University Line District (commonly known as Boulevard) was selected for the Cityscape Award in 1997 for its use of red roof tiles for the construction of public facilities along the road.

Geography

The city area has a large elevation difference from the coast of the Seto Inland Sea to the mountainous areas. It consists of small basins scattered around the Saijo basin, which is the largest basin in the prefecture. The Numata River to the east, the Kurose River to the south, and the Seno River to the west are the headwaters of each river. There are also tributaries of the Ota, Ashida, and Gonokawa rivers, and the central divide is dim in the north. Since it is a basin, there is a large difference in temperature between night and day, and winter and summer. The climate is said to be suitable for sake brewing. On the other hand, Akitsu-cho, which is separated from the center of the city by a mosquito-free pass, faces the Seto Inland Sea and is relatively warm. The Sanyo Main Line, Sanyo Shinkansen, and Sanyo Expressway cross the center of the city from east to west.

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