Sakhalin Husky (Sakhalin Husky) is a breed of dog produced in Sakhalin and the Chishima Islands. A breed of dog used by northern peoples such as Ainu and Nivkh for dogs and hunting dogs. Also written as "Karaft dog".
In Japan, he accompanied the Antarctic expedition headed by Nobu Shirase from 1910 to 1912 and was active as a dog for dog sledding, and was adopted as a dog for dog sledding by the first wintering corps of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition after the war. Also famous for that. A breed of dog famous for the episodes of Taro and Jiro below. In Hokkaido, until around 1965, he worked as a working dog in fishing, timber transportation, telegram delivery, business, etc. until it was replaced by cars and machines. With the advent of the car society, Sakhalin dogs, which are no longer needed as working dogs, are mixed with other breeds and hybridized, and those released in the field coincide with the outbreak of echinococcosis, and the wild dogs are wiped out. , It was almost extinct around the 1970s. In Russia as well, a large number of dogs have been slaughtered since the 1930s due to the problem of eating big, and it seems that the pure-bred Sakhalin dogs have become extinct in both Japan and Russia.
Features (Sakhalin Husky dog in Hokkaido until around 1955)
Size: Medium to large dogs
Body length: 64-76 cm
Height: 54-67 cm
Weight: 22-45 kg
Personality: Not fertile, obedient and compatible. Patience and bravery. Faithful. Has an excellent sense of orientation and return home.
Hair quality: Covered with dense hair, there are long and short hair types depending on the length of the body hair. Many Sakhalin dogs that have traveled to Hokkaido have long hair.
Hair color: black, black and white butterflies, wolf gray, brown, light brown, white, etc. The ears are standing ears. Some had dripping ears. The tail is a rolled tail and a tail. The body length is long compared to the body height. The chest is well developed, wide and the limbs are well developed, and the forelimbs are particularly thick.
It has excellent durability and cold resistance, withstands rough eating, and is faithful to its owner.
Taro and Jiro
Typical dogs of the same species are Taro and Jiro. Taro and Jiro are two of the 22 dogs sent to Japan's Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition for the first wintering corps in 1957 to pull dog sleds in the transportation of goods. Dispatched to Syowa Station on East Ongul Island in Antarctica.
During the failure of the second wintering, the dogs that were not pulled up with the crew were fed a month's worth of food and left in Antarctica. A year later, when the Third Wintering Corps returned to Syowa Station, two of the remaining 15 animals, Taro and Jiro, survived. These two heads went on duty with the Third Wintering Corps.
By surviving the year from the withdrawal of the wintering party to the re-landing in the Antarctic continent, Taro and Jiro became famous and were later featured in the movie "Antarctica". In the main part of the movie, it is described as "Karafutoinu" instead of "Karafutoken".
The stuffed taro is exhibited at the Hokkaido University School of Agriculture Museum in Sapporo, Hokkaido, and the stuffed giro is exhibited at the National Museum of Nature and Science in Ueno, Tokyo.
List of dog breeds
Wakkanai City Hall Antarctic Research Expedition Sakhalin Husky
Wakkanai City Youth Science Museum, the life of Sakhalin Husky Taro and Jiro