Democratic Progressive Party

Article

May 21, 2022

Democratic Progressive Party (Traditional Chinese: Democratic Progressive Party, DPP) is the Republic of China (DPP), Taiwan: Bîn-chú Chìn-pō͘ Tóng. Taiwan) party. The abbreviation is Democratic Party. The image color is green, which is also used for the logo. "Green" is also used as a term to refer to the party. Together with the Kuomintang, it forms a two-party system. Currently the ruling party.

Overview

It was the first time in Taiwan's history that the Republic of China was established in 1986 by the Kuomintang one-party dictatorship under the martial law of the Chinese Civil War, when there was no freedom to form a political party. Is the opposition party. When the ban on the formation of political parties was lifted and legalized in 1989, the power was gradually expanded in the national convention, the Legislative Yuan, and local governments to promote democratization reform. The mayor was born one after another. Chen Shui-bian was elected in the 2000 presidential election, ending half a century of Kuomintang rule. The following year, the first president of the Executive Yuan (Prime Minister) was born, and even in the 2001 legislative committee election, he overtook the Kuomintang to become the first party to compare with the Legislative Yuan. However, due to dissatisfaction with the Chen Shui-bian administration's corruption scandal, he lost the ruling party in the 2008 presidential election after losing a lot in the 2008 legislative election. After that, he tried to rebuild the party under President Tsai Ing-wen, but was defeated by the National Party in the simultaneous elections of the 2012 presidential election and the 2012 legislative committee election. Tsai Ing-wen was elected president in the 2016 presidential election and the 2016 legislative committee election, and the legislative yuan also secured a majority. Tsai Ing-wen was re-elected in the simultaneous elections of the 2020 presidential election and the 2020 legislative committee election, and the majority of the legislative yuan is maintained. The party platform (established in November 1986 immediately after its formation, revised in 1991) states "construction of the Republic of Taiwan" (so-called Taiwan Independence Platform). Since the mid-1990s, he has clarified the axis of confrontation with the Kuomintang by advocating liberal claims such as social welfare, environmental protection, anti-nuclear power, human rights, and ethnicity. Recognizing the current situation that sovereignty is an independent nation, has adopted the "Resolution on Taiwan's Future", which states that any change in the current situation must be decided by a referendum. There are many factions within the party because it is a political party formed by gathering the opposition of the Kuomintang. In the first place, the party was formed by two groups, the "Outside Party Writer United Nations Association" (radical group) and the "Outside Party Public Policy Study Group" (moderate group). Although it was a two-major faction system, in addition to the "Taiwan independence federation" by overseas independence factions, the middle factions "Justice Rensen" and "Fukuri United Nations Line" were born one after another, and "Beautiful Island" was also called "New Century". Divided into "new power". In this way, a multi-faction system was formed, but now there is almost no difference in the principle claim, and it is said that it is a means of power struggle within the party. Initially, it had a friendly relationship with the Taiwan Solidarity Union, which was formed by the mainland faction of the Kuomintang, including Lee Teng-hui. However, Tsai Ing-wen, who was discovered by Lee Teng-hui during his time as President, became the chief, and Lee Teng-hui and the Democratic Party were approaching again and attracting attention.

History

Out-of-party activity era

After the relocation of the Government of the Republic of China to Taiwan in 1949, Taiwanese out-of-party activists were intermittently pursuing democracy and freedom. 1979.