sea ​​bathing

Article

August 8, 2022

Sea bathing is leisure activities such as swimming, sunbathing, and playing beach volleyball on the beach. A beach prepared for sea bathing is called a beach.

Overview

Because it often goes into the sea, it is held in the hot season in each region. In Japan, the day when the beach is officially open for swimming in summer is called umibiraki. They usually wear swimwear. Some countries have nudist beaches where you can get naked on the beach.

History

Artifacts such as marine shells, fish bones, and fishing hooks unearthed from shell mounds show that humans have been active on the coast since ancient times. The history of modern sea bathing dates back to Europe in the 17th century, and it became common in the latter half of the 18th century. Following the development of horse-powered dressing carriages, advances in railroads helped develop sea bathing. Initially, it was like going out with a prescription to maintain and restore health, similar to hot spring bathing. Waka poems and literature from the Heian period to the Edo period describe the custom of bathing in seawater for health and recuperation in Japan as well. These were called Shioyuji, Shioyumi, and Shihoyuami. Combined with Western-style sea bathing that was brought in by Westerners at the end of the Edo period, it was inherited in the Meiji era. Ono Beach in Tokoname City, Aichi Prefecture is said to be the 'oldest beach in the world,' as it is said that Kamo no Chomei visited there for a salt bath. Shioyu is also practiced in places such as Hiraiso (Hitachinaka City, Ibaraki Prefecture), and there is a view that it is the origin of modern 'thalassotherapy' (ocean therapy). In 1874, Korejun Ogata and Yuzuru Murase contributed 'Sea Bathing' to "Kumon Tsushi", which is the oldest document that dealt with sea bathing alone. Morofuchi Mise wrote about the methods and benefits of sea bathing in the 11th year of the Meiji period (1888) in the publication of Osaka Public Hospital. In 1880 (Meiji 13), a swimming beach was established on the Sami coast in Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture by the doctor Machien Sakata and Chikayuki Yoshida, the mayor of Kurosaki Village. Physicist Torahiko Terada was physically weak when he was a child. In 1881, his father followed his doctor's advice and went to the above-mentioned Ono coast for medical treatment. He wrote down his memories of entering in the essay "Sea Bathing". In the following year, 1882, Shinpei Goto wrote "Kaihin Kyouron Ron with Seaside Therapy". Oiso Beach (Oiso Town) in Kanagawa Prefecture was opened in 1885 at the recommendation of Army Surgeon General Ryojun Matsumoto, who learned of the benefits of sea bathing from a Dutch document. On July 18th, 1888, Kanagawa Prefecture set up a men's and women's area at the beach and prohibited mixed swimming. In the early days of sea bathing in Japan, people rode a vehicle like the ox-drawn imperial carriage that appears in Kyoto's Jidai Matsuri (festival of the ages). It is said that it was submerged in the sea. Also, at first, I went swimming in clothes similar to pajamas. The number of beaches, including those for leisure use, has increased in various places. Even in the Keihin district of Tokyo Bay, there was a beach before landfills and water pollution progressed after the Pacific War. In addition to Miyanomae Beach, which James Curtis Hepburn recommended as a suitable place for sea bathing (there is a monument in Tomioka Hachiman Park near Keikyu Tomioka Station in Kanazawa Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture) that says ``Birthplace of Sea Bathing: Miyanomae Beach Site''. , Ohgishima, Shinkoyasu, and Honmoku once enjoyed swimming in the sea. In July 1933, the Nagasaki Prefectural Police Department Security Division installed fences and buoys at the beach.