Nada Gogo is a general term for five sake breweries in the Nada area of Hyogo prefecture. Refers to Saigo, Mikagego, Uozakigo (Kobe City), Nishinomiyago, and Imazugo (Nishinomiya City). It accounts for about 30% of Japan's sake production.
High-quality sake rice (Yamada Nishiki) suitable for sake brewing and high-quality groundwater (Miyamizu) rich in minerals can be taken, and Rokko (grated), which is said to be ideal for cold brewing, is blown, and it is convenient for water transportation of products. Since there was a port, it prospered as a famous sake producing area since the Edo period. Many of the major sake makers have their birthplace and headquarters in Nada Gogo, and there are still small and medium-sized sake breweries scattered around.
"Nada no Sake" is registered as a regional collective trademark of the Nada Gogo Sake Brewery Association, and "Nada Gogo" is subject to geographical indications (GI).
One of the representative sake spots in Japan. The name "Nada Gogo" was born in the latter half of the Edo period, but the scope has changed, and the framework of the modern "Nada Gogo" is from the Meiji period onwards (→ # "Nada" name and history). .. As of 2020, 27 companies (26 sake companies and 1 mirin company) are participating in the Nada Gogo Sake Brewery Association. The "Sake Breweries" in each area of Nada Gogo introduced on the official website are the following 26 companies (including one Mirin company) (→ # Nada Gogo and major breweries). The names in parentheses are typical sake brands that are different from the company name.
Name and history of "Nada"
Names of "Nada" and "Nadame"
Nada was a wide-area place name that refers to the long plains in the east and west between the Rokko Mountains and Osaka Bay, from the mouth of the Muko River (Nishinomiya City) to the mouth of the Ikeda River (Kobe City). In ancient times, it was also called Nadame, and it was said that "Nadabe", which means "Nada" (meaning the sea), changed to "Nadame". Has been done. In modern times, it is not used as an administrative wide-area place name (some are Nada Ward and Higashinada Ward in Kobe City), but the expression "Nada district" is used in the description of the history of sake brewing.
The range of the area name Nada (Nadame) also changes with the times. In the olden days, the coastal area of Ubara-gun (currently around Nada-ku, Higashinada-ku and Ashiya-shi) was "Kami-nada", and the coastal area of Yatabe-gun (currently around Chuo-ku and Hyogo-ku, Kobe-shi) was "Shimonada". They were collectively called "Nadame".
Changes in the name of the brewery
During the Muromachi period, the Nada region had villas such as Yamajisho, Honjo (near Higashinada Ward, Kobe City), and Tsugasho (near Nada Ward), and Soumura was formed. It is said that Nada did not try to obey the guardian charges as it was the main territory. In the 8th year of Eisho (1511), when Masayori Tarabayashi built Takao Castle (now Ashiya City) at the behest of Takakuni Hosokawa and tried to control the area, a book that had been in conflict for a long time in Nada. There is a situation in which the castle (Honjo) people and the Nishinomiya people form an alliance and attack Takao Castle (see the battle of Ashiyagawara).
In the middle of the Edo period, Nadame and Imazu began to develop as emerging sake brewing areas, as opposed to Itami and Nishinomiya, which had preceded them. Of the 12 villages of Imazu, which is the upper brewery, the area where the brewing industry has been active since ancient times (also called the "Old Nines" of the 12 villages) has been developed into an urban area. Imazu (Muko-gun, now the Imazu district of Nishinomiya City) was a new group where the brewing industry was born in a rural area. Imazu was added to Kaminada and Shimonada to call it "Nitanami Misato", and it was also called "Nadame Misato (Nada Misato)" (also called "New Misato" out of the twelve villages.・ Because Nishinomiya-go is located between Shimonada and Imazu, the ground