PhD (Science)


May 21, 2022

Doctor of Science (Hakushi) is a doctoral degree and is awarded in Japan by completing a major in science (mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, etc.). .. In Japan before 1991 (1991), a doctoral degree called "Doctor of Science" was awarded, and the doctor of science is almost the same as the current "Doctor of Science". Doctor of Science was stipulated as one of the five types of doctors awarded by the Minister of Education in the degree decree enacted in 1887 (Meiji 20).


In English, although there are differences in the degree system of each country, a part of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Science are equivalent to doctors of science.


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