Rice planting is to plant rice seedlings in paddy fields.
In paddy rice cultivation where rice is cultivated in paddy fields, it is common to plant seeds in the seedlings and then transfer the grown seedlings to Honda for planting. In, it is only performed in a small part of the area due to special circumstances (it is spreading for the purpose of labor saving such as direct sowing of iron coating). In addition, the initial cultivation method when rice cultivation was introduced to the Japanese archipelago was direct sowing, and it was thought that rice planting began in earnest in the Nara period. Remains of paddy fields from the era have been found in various parts of Japan, and many traces of strains that are considered to be traces of transplantation cultivation have been detected, confirming that rice planting has been practiced in Japan for a long time.
Rice planting was once concentrated during the rainy season and was one of the early summer traditions. The rice planting time has been accelerated since the 1945's, when the invention of the heat-retaining eclectic seedlings, which are resistant to cold damage, and the improvement of varieties have made it possible to plant rice early. It came to move up.
Grow seedlings from March to April
Rice planting was extremely hard work and could not be overcome by the family labor force alone, so it was carried out by using the employment labor force or forming a labor force exchange organization called Yui to help each other with relatives and neighbors. In addition, the main players in rice planting labor were women called Saotome, and men engaged in seedling picking and seedling transportation in the seedlings, and puddling and leveling in Honda. The mechanization of transplantation cultivation, which reduces rice planting labor, is the most delayed work sector in the rice cultivation process, and rice transplanters finally appeared in the 1970s (mid-1965s).
Rice planting and culture
Rice planting has also become a pre-celebration event for rural entertainment and rice cultivation, such as the Dengaku and Mita planting festivals.
There is an area called "Sanaburi (Sanae)" for events and rest days for comfort after rice planting. Kosanaburi of each household and Osanaburi performed in the village were seen.
"Local History Dictionary" (Asakura Shoten, 2005) ISBN 4-254-53013-7, pp. 1065-1066
Nico Nico Douga Tanabata Koshihikari rice planting begins: Rice planting using a rice transplanter (provided by Saga Shimbun)