sexual differences

Article

May 20, 2022

Gender discrimination refers to unfairly exerting disadvantages such as exclusion or restriction on others because of their gender. There is discrimination against women and discrimination against men. The idea that sexism is justified is called sexism. Eliminating gender discrimination is called gender-free.

Historical background

View of religion

In Christianity, the status of women was relatively lower than that of men due to the inheritance of the social ideas of the region in the process of missionary work. Luther, the creator of Protestantism, also said, "Girls grow faster than boys, just as weeds grow faster than beneficial plants." There are few examples of alleviation of discrimination against women by Christianity. For example, there is an example of prohibiting buying and selling marriage (there is also a theory that there was no buying and selling marriage in the first place). However, sexual intercourse with slaves could not be banned because the church itself possessed many slaves. Roman law puts great restrictions on the ownership and voice of married women's property. However, it was subsequently alleviated by Christian missions. In other words, he gained certain inheritance rights and divorce claims. Adultery was only applied to women, but men were also charged. Thus, women's rights were partially liberated, primarily in relation to marriage. However, these liberations occurred intensively in the early Middle Ages, and in the latter half of the Middle Ages, tightening was rather severe. In the Islamic world, there is a section in the Qur'an that states that a man is more precious than a woman, and that a woman is the property of a man. For example, Ali Ibn Abbey-Tarib, the fourth caliph of Islam, often leaves behind words in Nafju al-Baraga that praise women. Polygamy and the Hudud punishment for adultery victims are often criticized as examples of discrimination against women. Even today, some intellectuals in the Islamic world have expressed the opinion that women should allow polygamy under the Islamic law. (See also "Islam and Women" and "Islamic World Sexual Culture") However, even in pre-modern Islam, women's rights are not without protection. In Islam, women can inherit property, albeit half of men, which defends women's rights compared to pre-Islamic conditions. Infanticide and honor killings of girls are prohibited (actually, legally), and the Hudud is being denied. In Buddhism, it was argued that a woman could not be the five species of Brahma, Taishakuten, Demon King, Chakravarti, and Buddha (female five obstacle theory). There is also a theory that "a woman can become a Buddha by changing to a man" (transformed boy theory). There is also a view that the women's five obstacle theory is not the theory advocated by Buddha and is not the original idea of ​​Buddhism. Even in Hindu society, the status of women is traditionally low. There are many articles in the Manusmriti that consider women to be inferior and not to allow independence, but to be subordinate to men. As a result, inhumane practices such as Sati and Dowry still exist, even if they are prohibited by law. Even in Confucianism,