God

Article

November 28, 2021

God is a revered and awe-inspiring object of religious belief. Generally, it is used as a translation of foreign words such as "Ancient Greek: Θεός Theos, Latin: deus, Deus Deus or Zeus, English: god, God", but these meanings and "God" in Japanese are strict. Is said to have a different meaning. See below for details. Also, in English, polytheistic gods are not God, but the acronym is lowercase to distinguish them from god, plural: gods, or deity, and plural: deities.

Overview

Introducing the description of the encyclopedia, it is explained in the "Encyclopedia of Britannica" as "the object of religious beliefs." He pointed out that it is generally regarded as an absolute and transcendental existence. Also, in primitive religion, it is considered to be a power beyond human beings, and in advanced religions, it is generally regarded as a personal being with transcendental power. In the 7th edition of "Kojien", the explanation is divided into 6 items, and the first is "a hidden existence with power that transcends human beings. The spirit that is thought to be. " Next, he mainly explains some gods in Japanese tradition, touches on "God" as one of the names of the emperor, and the sixth item is "Monotheism such as Christianity and Islam, the universe and humankind. An omnipotent and omnipotent absolute person who creates and controls the operation of the world. " In "Daijisen", the vocabulary used for various concepts is "absolute existence beyond human knowledge" (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, etc.), and "animistic ideas are used to animate (deify) everything in the natural world. ) "Existence", "People and ancestors who have made a name for themselves in their outstanding achievements at the shrine", "Honorable name to the Emperor", "People who demonstrate excellent abilities, very grateful people and things" bottom. Depending on what kind of god you worship and worship, polytheism, henotheism, monotheism, etc. are born. Human attitudes towards God are commonly referred to as "faith" or "godliness." According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, theology is an attempt to reasonably understand faith. And in recent years, there has been a movement to revive the original beliefs that transcended rationality. "God" as a Chinese character includes the meanings of "unknown power of nature," "mysterious power," "invisible work of the mind," "excellent sama," and "kami." "God" is also used as a translation of the ancient Greek "Θεός" Theos and the English "God". In this way, the character "God" can include things that were originally called in languages ​​other than Japanese, which were translated as "God," so the content they point to is diverse. (It should be noted that there has been debate since the 19th century on the pros and cons of using the word "God" when translating "Θεός" and "God" in Christianity into Chinese and Japanese (see below). "God" is also used as a translation in "Θεός" in the ancient Greek era before it was made.)

Chinese character "God"

First appearance

The description of Shunshu Sajiden-Soukou 32nd year is said to be the first appearance of the Chinese character "God". "God" is described as a wise, honest and innocent person who discerns the good and evil of the prince and gives blessings at the turning point of the rise and fall of the country.

Various ways of thinking about the nature of God

Globally, many believe in God (Abraham's religion alone exceeds 3 billion), and their lives are based on God.

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