Chichibu City

Article

May 21, 2022

Chichibu City is a city located in the southwestern part of Saitama Prefecture. With a population of about 60,000, it forms the center of the Chichibu region. With an area of ​​about 578km2, it is also the largest municipality in Saitama Prefecture.

Geography

The city center is located in the central part of the Chichibu basin surrounded by the Chichibu Mountains. It is the only city in the Chichibu region, and most of the city area is designated as Chichibu-Tamakai National Park and Saitama Prefectural Natural Park (Muko, Nishi-Chichibu). Arakawa flows from southwest to northeast and forms river terraces. Mt. Buko, which rises to the southeast of the city, produces limestone and is used for open pit mining. . .

Climate

The climate is a basin and inland climate. Summers are hot and sometimes hot days, but the humidity is low compared to other major cities in the Kanto region, and it is easy to spend because there are few tropical nights. Winter is the coldest in Saitama prefecture, often below freezing 5 degrees Celsius.

Adjacent municipalities

The number of adjacent municipalities is 15, which is the largest in the prefecture, and it is the only municipality in Saitama prefecture that borders both Tokyo, which is next to the south, and Gunma prefecture, which is next to the north. There is also a prefectural border with Yamanashi and Nagano prefectures. The number of adjacent prefectures is 4, which is the largest among all municipalities in Japan, along with Takayama City in Gifu Prefecture and Nantan City in Kyoto Prefecture. Since there is no road that directly connects Koshu City, Tabayama Village, and Okutama Town, it is necessary to travel via other local governments when traveling by car.

History

The area including the current Chichibu city was originally called Chichibu, and was dominated by Chichibu, but Chichibu was combined with the innocent country dominated by Chichibu in the 7th century. It became Musashi Province, a province of Japan. In 708 (the first year of Wado), Wado (Nigi Akane, a high-purity natural copper that does not require refining) was produced near the Wado site in Kuroya, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture. In commemoration of the fact that this was presented to the imperial court, it is said that Wadokaichin was made along with the conversion to "Wado". The center of the present city area was called Nakamura-go for a long time, and since it is located in the center of the Chichibu basin, it was a distribution center for supplies and prospered as the gate town of Chichibu Shrine. Therefore, it was later called Omiyago, and the name of the local government was Omiyamachi until 1915. The Chichibu Incident occurs in 1884 (Meiji 17). The incident was an armed uprising centered on an organization called the "People's Party" formed by farmers in Chichibu who were suffering from debt. ) Etc. were occupied by force. In response, the government mobilized police and military police, and finally Tokyo garrison soldiers, to thoroughly suppress armed forces. As a result of the trial after the incident, more than 4,000 people, including seven death sentences, were punished, making it the largest popular uprising in Japanese history. 1871 (Meiji 4) --Belongs to Iruma prefecture. 1872 (Meiji 5) --Due to the enforcement of the large ward subdivision system, it belongs to the 10th large ward 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6 sub wards, and the 11th large ward 3 and 6 sub wards. 1873 (Meiji 6) --Belongs to Kumagaya prefecture. 1873 (Meiji 6) --Omiya School (Chichibu Daiichi), Gohei School (Ota), Urayama Elementary School opened. 1874 (Meiji 7) --Kuna School opens. 1875 (Meiji 8) --Kagemori School opens. 1876 ​​(Meiji 9) --Belongs to Saitama Prefecture. 1878 (Meiji 11) --A large fire broke out in the city and 44 houses were destroyed by fire. 1879 (Meiji 12) --Belongs to Chichibu-gun with the enforcement of the county-ward, town-village organization law. 1884 (Meiji 17) --The school building of Omiya School (currently Chichibu City Folk Museum) is completed. 1885 (Meiji 18) --Chichibu School (Maki Oda), Asahi Elementary School (Haraya), Takashino Elementary School opened. 1886 (Meiji 19) --Chichibu Shindo (book)