Second World War
November 28, 2021
World War II (Dainijiseitaisen, English: World War II, abbreviated as WWII) was the Japan-Germany-Italy Tripartite Alliance of the Empire of Japan, Germany, and Italy for more than six years from 1939 to 1945. The war between the Axis camps centered around the United States and the Allied camps such as the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, France, Poland, the Republic of China, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United States, Australia, Brazil, Greece and their colonies. So, it was the world war since the first world war.
Based on the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Treaty of August 23, 1939 and the attached secret protocol, the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and the Soviet Union's invasion of Poland on September 17, 1939 started. In 2019, after the conclusion, a resolution was adopted by the European Parliament stating that "the secret agreement between the two holistic regimes of the Nazis and the Soviet Union paved the way for the war." And with the declaration of war on Germany by Britain and France, Europe became a battlefield. After that, the so-called Pacific War, which was the opening of the war with Britain and the Netherlands due to the attack on the Southeast Asian colonies of Britain and Lan by the Malayan campaign on December 8, 1941, and the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war on the United States that continued on the same day. With the start of the war, the war area expanded to the whole world, making it the largest war in human history. The war initially remained dominated by the Axis forces, but eventually ended with the Allied forces turning to counterattack and Japan signing the instrument of surrender on September 2, 1945, which had been fighting to the end in the Axis camp. bottom. At the moment, it is the only war in history in which nuclear weapons (atomic bombs) were put into actual warfare.
Countries that participated in the war
Axis powers refer to the countries that joined the Tripartite Pact established in 1940 and the countries that had an alliance with them. The Allies, on the other hand, are those that have been attacked by the Axis powers and that have signed the Declaration by United Nations in 1942. In addition, some countries, such as Japan and the Republic of China, have been in a state of war since before World War II (the Sino-Japanese War that began in 1937. The United States was also virtually participating in the war in the form of a brave army). rice field.
Not all Allies and Axis powers were always in a state of war, and some did not declare war on them. However, Italy surrendered in 1943, and in 1945, at the end of World War II, most of the nations except the occupied territories entered the war on the Allied side.
The core of the Axis powers was Japan, Germany, and Italy in the order of entry, and the core of the Allies was the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States. There are also former Axis powers, such as Italy, that wage war against the Axis camp after surrendering to the Allies, but these are called co-belligerence nations and are considered members of the Allies. There wasn't.
The battlefield of World War II is large in the whole area of Europe, North Africa, West Asia (European front), East Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean, North America, Oceania, Indian Ocean, and East South Africa (Pacific front). Be separated.
On the European front, battles with the United Kingdom, France, the Soviet Union, the United States, etc. centered on Germany, Italy, etc., and on the Pacific front, battles with the United Kingdom, the United States, the Republic of China, the Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, etc., centered on Japan, etc. rice field.
The European front is the Axis powers centered on Germany and Italy, and the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, the United States, and Bra.